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Animal Farm by George Orwell: Summary Chp 10
brochure writer In this unit, students learn how to write a brochure. Students will: learn how to write an effective brochure. use the writing process to create their own brochure. write informational text using text features appropriately. Animal? self-evaluate their writing. demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. What makes clear and effective writing? Why do writers write? What is the purpose? Who is the brahe contributions audience? What will work best for the audience?
How do grammar and the conventions of language influence spoken and written communication? How does one best present findings? What does a reader look for and how can s/he find it? Abstract Noun: A noun that is an idea, something that you cannot touch or see. Advertisement: The public announcement of something such as a product, service, business, or event to get people interested in it. Audience: The intended readers of a particular piece of animal chapter, writing. Psychology In Julius Caesar Essay? Brochure: A small booklet or pamphlet, often containing event, location, or product information.
Descriptive Writing: The detailed description of people, places, objects, or events. A good description will have enough details to give the reader a correct sense of the subject. Details used usually describe what the writer sees, hears, smells, touches, and 10 summary tastes. Informational Text: Text that gives factual information about any topic. Purpose: The reason or reasons that a person creates a piece of writing. The eleven different types of purpose include to express (or voice), to Psychology in Julius Essay describe, to explore/learn, to entertain, to inform, to explain, to argue, to persuade, to farm chapter evaluate (or judge), to problem solve, and to lab answers mediate (or settle differences). Writers often combine purposes within a piece of writing. Text Features: The parts of printed items that help the reader find and learn information easily: print features, organizational aids, graphic aids, and 10 summary pictures/illustrations.
6090 minutes/23 class periods. chart paper/chalkboard/interactive whiteboard Text Features handout (LW-3-1-2_Text Features.docx), one per student 5 Ws worksheet (LW-3-1-2_The 5 Ws.doc), one per student Brochure Template (LW-3-1-3_Brochure Template.doc), two per student Student Self-Evaluation Checklist (LW-3-1-3_Student Self-Evaluation Checklist.doc), one per student scrap paper. The possible inclusion of tycho contributions, commercial websites below is not an implied endorsement of 10 summary, their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan. Dart Express? The goal of this lesson is to introduce and foster students’ understanding of writing a brochure. Through observation and anecdotal notes, assess each student’s progress. Farm Chapter 10 Summary? Use students’ brochures to provide them with feedback about their composition based on the following criteria: a variety of text features. answers to the 5 Ws. additional information people may need or want before they attend the dart express place/event. descriptive, precise writing that gives the reader information quickly.
Focus Question: How can we use the 10 summary writing process to create a brochure? Tell students, “Today we are going to write a brochure. We are going to brainstorm an event and dart express its 5 Ws, and farm chapter 10 summary I am going to model working through the writing process for you so you can see how to turn an idea into an effective brochure. Then you are going to work through the writing process to create your own brochure.” Have the class brainstorm information about a school event as you record the results on the board. Remind students to baroque answer the 5 Ws when thinking of information that is necessary or helpful for the intended purpose and audience. Discuss any additional information that someone would need or want before attending the event. Model how to animal 10 summary take the tycho brahe information they brainstormed to create the chapter 10 summary rough draft of a brochure about the school event. Make sure you verbalize your thought process as you are deciding what information needs to be included and how you are going to present that information (text features). You may have a plan in mind ahead of time about what information students give you and how you turn that information into a brochure. The modeling process is very important, and it is Media Essay, better to farm 10 summary be prepared.
Involve students in is the excerpt, deciding what kinds of pictures, photographs, and/or graphics should be included in the brochure. Continue to animal farm model the writing process. Again, plan the revisions and editing you are going to do during the lesson. Make sure you clearly verbalize your thought process through each stage. Concerto? Model how to self-evaluate your brochure using the animal farm 10 summary Student Self-Evaluation Checklist (LW-3-1-3_Student Self-Evaluation Checklist.doc).
If you have not already done so, put the following anchor chart on brahe contributions, chart paper to display in the classroom for students to use. What Makes a Brochure Effective? An effective brochure. addresses a specific audience. has a clear purpose. answers the 5 Ws: Who, What, Where, When, Why. provides additional information if necessary. uses descriptive and animal farm chapter 10 summary precise writing. Essay? uses a variety of text features. has been edited for grammar, punctuation, spelling, and capitalization. 10 Summary? Give each student a piece of paper. Ask students to dart express think about a local event or place to visit. (Help students brainstorm by farm chapter 10 summary, creating a list of places as a class from which they can choose. To avoid wasting time on indecision, assign a place to in Julius Caesar Essay each student.) Have students determine the animal 10 summary audience and the purpose for their brochure.
Then have students write all of the information they can think of about the place. Language Skills Mini-Lesson. After students have finished writing, say, “Many of you are probably writing a brochure about an is the of enjambment excerpt lover" browning?, event or place that is fun. In fact, you will probably use the word ‘fun’ in your brochure. What part of speech is the word ‘fun?’” (a noun) “What is the definition of a noun?” (a person, place, thing, or idea) “Into which of these categories does ‘fun’ fit?” (idea) “Yes, fun is an idea; you cannot see, smell, taste, hear, or touch fun. If you walked into Six Flags theme park, no one would give you ‘a fun,’ right? But you can think about it; you can think of a time when you were having fun. This type of noun is animal farm, called an abstract noun, because it is an idea.”
“What other abstract nouns can we think of together?” Write these nouns on of Social on Language, the board to 10 summary help students continue to is the of enjambment from "porphyria's lover" by robert think of others: democracy , happiness , trust , childhood , friendship , imagination , freedom , thought , bravery , faith , education , dreams , love , pride . “Can you see any patterns in animal farm chapter 10 summary, what abstract nouns often are? Could you put these words into groups?” (ideals, states of being, feelings) “Now that we know what abstract nouns are, let’s use them in sentences. I’ll give an example. Listen for dart express, the abstract noun in my sentence. ‘You are very lucky to receive a great education.’ What was the animal farm abstract noun?” (education) “Some abstract nouns are words that we also use as verbs such as love , thought , and taste . Make sure you are using the words as nouns, not verbs.” Write two examples on of Social on Language, the board that use the same word as a noun and a verb. Animal 10 Summary? (e.g., We love each other. What Effect Of Enjambment From Browning?? We hugged to show our love.) “In which sentence is love a verb?” (We love each other.) “In which sentence is it a noun?” (We hugged to show our love.) “Turn to your partner and take turns using an abstract noun from the animal farm board in a sentence. Your partner should double-check to make sure you are not using it as a verb.
If you have a question, let me know.” “We are going to what is the effect of enjambment lover" by robert move on with the 5 Ws for animal farm chapter 10 summary, your brochures, but I challenge you to use an abstract noun besides ‘fun’ somewhere in your brochure.” Give students a copy of the 5 Ws worksheet (LW-3-1-2_The 5 Ws.doc) to plan the Psychology information they need to animal farm include in their brochures. Heat Lab Answers? Remind students to include important additional information such as cost, hours, fees, etc. Students may need to animal farm 10 summary use the Internet or talk to in Julius Essay their parents to find all of the information that they need. Give students a copy of the farm chapter 10 summary Brochure Template (LW-3-1-3_Brochure Template.doc) to use as a rough draft. (Note: The template provided is a sample that students can use. Depending on the needs in your classroom, adjust the in Julius Caesar Essay template to make it appropriate for your students. You may give two or three different templates students can choose from to make their brochures.) Have students work on animal farm, creating their brochures. In Julius Caesar? Give students a copy of the Text Features handout (LW-3-1-2_Text Features.docx) to help them as they plan the layout and animal farm chapter use a variety of concerto, text features to present their information. Explain that they should use descriptive words to give information to the person reading the brochure. Remind students to use correct capitalization in their titles and use comparative or superlative adjectives, referring to the chart the class made if they need to.
When students have completed the rough draft of 10 summary, their brochure, have them meet with a partner to revise their work. Students need to look at each other’s work and determine if all of the important information has been included. Tell students, “Talk to tycho your partner about any questions you still have that need to be answered in the brochure. Use the What Makes an Effective Brochure anchor chart to help you evaluate each other’s work.” Give students a chance to revise and edit their rough drafts. You may conference briefly with each student at this point to make sure s/he is on the right track. After students are satisfied with their work and feel they have written an animal chapter, effective brochure that is going to inform readers of the important information on the topic, they can start completing a final copy of the brochure. They will need an additional copy of the Brochure Template (LW-3-1-3_Brochure Template.doc) to complete the The Impact of Social Media Essay final copy.
Once students have completed the final copy, conference with them and have them complete the Student Self-Evaluation Checklist (LW-3-1-3_Student Self-Evaluation Checklist.doc). Note: This checklist may need to be revised based on the criteria that you and your students come up with about what makes an effective brochure. If students are having difficulty creating a brochure, help them generate the 5 Ws and provide additional information if needed. Then have them put the information together in the format of a brochure. Have students imagine their own amusement park, summer camp, fair, or other familiar attraction.
Ask students to sketch a picture and write all of the important information that visitors would need to know about their creation. Students can create a brochure to advertise their new creation.
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Animal Farm: A Fairy Story by George Orwell (Chapter 10)
How is Mr Birling Portrayed in the play An Inspector Calls Watch. Also, what else is most likely to come up? Priestly presents Mr Arthur Birling and chapter a ignorant and foolish character with us use of dart express, Dramatic Irony. Animal 10 Summary? As Mr Birling was delivering his speech at his daughter, Sheila's engagement, he mentioned that the titanic, was ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable''. As the play was written in 1945, we know that this bold statement is far from correct. Baroque Concerto? Instantly, Priestlys use of animal 10 summary, dramatic irony not only proves that it is a mistaken view, but it allows the audience to understand that Arthur Birling is baroque, not wise, but infact a rather stupid and injudicious character. Priestly is also conveying that Arthur is animal 10 summary, very narrow minded. He is only intrested in is the "porphyria's browning?, the present, and does not look to the future, Mr Birling does not have a open mind. Like most men at that time, they believed that nothing could change. They believed that the rich would always rule over farm chapter 10 summary the poor, that the labour ''cranks'' could never be a ruling government, and Arthur Birling represents these views.
Moreover, Priestlys use of dart express, repetition on the word ''unsinkable'' suggests that Mr Birling in animal farm chapter, certain that he is correct, when infatc he is far from it, making him appear to be foolish. On the other hand, not only does Priestlys use of the baroque concerto infamous titanic make Arthur look stupid, but it is also a symbol of arrogance. The titanic was a ship for the rich aristocrats of 1912, those who thought they were the hierarchy of society, much like what Mr Birling would like to see himself as. Farm? So for priestly to use the Psychology titanic as a example suggests that Birling is also a arrogant and pompous chracter. Alternitavely,the dramatic quote ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable'' is animal farm chapter, Priestly foreshadowing the Birlings sinking fate. From By Robert Browning?? Mr Birling is so certain that he knows about farm chapter everything, yet he is in Julius Caesar, not aware that soon he will have a mysterious visitor at the door. Also, the animal farm play was set in 1912, 2 years before the first world war, Priestly uses this small time frame to display Arthur as a injudicious character. Priestly was aiming to what in this excerpt lover" use the post word war vulnerability of the audience to opress capitalist views and chapter project his socialist views. Psychology In Julius Caesar Essay? In 1912, the animal farm rigid class and heat gender boundaries ensured that nothing would change, however by animal farm 1945, these divisions had been breached. Dart Express? The writer is aware that audience to not want another war, and chapter from watching this play, do not want times to be like 1912, so he used mr birling as a catalyst to project these negative views. Priestly id also saying that capitalists are also like Mr Birling, they all think they are correct, when infact they are far from what is the in this from "porphyria's by robert browning?, it.
Moreover, the writer uses the dramatic quote about ''war'' to 10 summary remind the audience of what happens when certain individuals seek power for specific heat lab answers, themselves rather than caring for others. His message is to encourage the animal chapter 10 summary people of baroque, 1945 to animal farm seize the opportunity the Psychology Caesar war had given them to farm chapter 10 summary build a better, more caring society. As Inspector Goole says, ''we are all members of concerto, one body'', dont you agree? Secondly, in 1912 it was uncommon to marry somebody out of your social class, Birling was aware that his family were slightly lower on the social scale than ''Crofts Limited''. However, he made sure that Gerald Croft was aware that he was soon to be added onto the ''honours'' list, so that the animal 10 summary Crofts would not dismiss him. Even when the inspector left, Arthur did not show any sign or sorrow for Eva Smith, but he was rather more worried about it ruining his reputation.
He did not want it to The Impact of Social Media Essay become a ''public scandal''. Chapter? Despite the fact that Geral Croft commited a sinful act against Mr Birlings daughter, Arthur still ''toasted'' with Gerald when he discovered Inspector Goole was a fraud. Arthur was so happy and relieved that it would not become a ''public scandal'' that he would even drink with someone who caused his daugher pain and Psychology distress. Alternitavley, the fact that he ''toasted'' with Gerald suggests that he still wants to hold a relationship with him because of his social status. Arthur would use any excuse not to animal farm loose a bond with the son of tycho brahe contributions, ''Sir George Corft'', and not to animal farm 10 summary loose the potential chance of going in buisness with the succesful ''Crofts Limited''. In 1912, witholding a relationship with a aristocrat meant that you could climb up the dart express social ladder, there would be no risk of going on animal the streets, Eva Smith's summer affair with Gerald Croft is a clear example of this. Priestlys purpose was to again, opress capitalists, and he used Mr Arthur Birling as a catalyst.
Arthur was not willing to take responsiblity for concerto, his actions, but he infact only cared about how he would look to society. He does not care for people, or in this case, his employees. Priestly used Mr Birling to represent capitalists. He is presenting the message that like Mr Birling, they are not willing to change, and only care for farm, themselves, not their supporters. As Mr Birling says '' a man has to look after himself''. As a reader, i do not empathise with Arthur Birling as he seems to fail to connect with the concerto writers message of fairness and animal farm humblesness. Baroque? The author portrays him as a foolish character and animal chapter also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are the Psychology Caesar cause of diasaster such as war.
Birling showed no remorse for a dead girl and even toasted with a adulterer. However, Priestlys use of conveying arthur as a pompous, imprudent and imperious character allowed me to understand socialist views, and to chapter belive that we a''are all responsible'' for brahe contributions, eachother, and farm that ''we are all members of one body''. Btw, it took me 2hours to write this! Any suggestions on The Impact on Language how time saving techniques? span Follow 140 followers 13 badges Send a private message to Nirgilis. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to animal 10 summary GetOverHere. - Your quotes aren't consistently well-selected. What does 'public scandal' or 'honours' list add to what you're trying to tycho contributions say? - Your clarity of expression sometimes needs working on. You describe Arthur as the farm 'leader of the contemptuous Birling family'.
Contemptuous how? Are they contemptuous to the Inspector? To themselves? To the audience? Do you mean that the Birling family are contemptuous, or that we look upon them in The Impact of Social Media Essay, a contemptuous way? Making this clear will make your argument stronger as you address how Priestley shapes meaning. - Never, never, NEVER, ask the examiner a question, like when you say 'dont you agree?'. The examiner has given you a question, so don't answer their question with a question. Farm? Your job is to The Impact Media on Language answer it.
A lot of the exam is animal farm chapter 10 summary, about jumping through the hoops that the examiner has put in front of you. If you patronise them like that, there's a higher chance that they won't try to Psychology Caesar Essay find that extra mark that could shift you a whole band. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. A few critiques from an AS Lit student: - Your quotes aren't consistently well-selected. Animal 10 Summary? What does 'public scandal' or 'honours' list add to what you're trying to say? - Your clarity of specific lab answers, expression sometimes needs working on. You describe Arthur as the 'leader of the contemptuous Birling family'. Contemptuous how? Are they contemptuous to the Inspector? To themselves? To the audience?
Do you mean that the Birling family are contemptuous, or that we look upon them in a contemptuous way? Making this clear will make your argument stronger as you address how Priestley shapes meaning. - Never, never, NEVER, ask the animal farm chapter 10 summary examiner a question, like when you say 'dont you agree?'. The examiner has given you a question, so don't answer their question with a question. Your job is to lab answers answer it. A lot of the exam is about jumping through the hoops that the examiner has put in front of you. Animal Farm Chapter 10 Summary? If you patronise them like that, there's a higher chance that they won't try to find that extra mark that could shift you a whole band. Thankyou so much!
I guess i have got alot of improving to do! span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. Thankyou so much! I guess i have got alot of improving to do! span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to dart express Kiytt. You're welcome c: Well, sorta, but to be honest, you come up with some good points and animal chapter 10 summary interpretations which is good, it's just ensuring that you're relevant with what you say, and that you write it in a way that comes off as fluent and dart express natural.
Remember, they're asking you to comment upon the writer's use of language and structure, but they're also assessing yours. The better you write, the more impressed the examiners will be. If you want, you could rewrite this question and I'll take a look at it, and tell you what I think you've done better? • Keep in chapter, concise ; this will help you to heat lab answers write more in the little time you're given. Animal Farm Chapter 10 Summary? For example, writing not aware instead of unaware is specific, such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the quotations you made on the whole were relevant and supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out animal 10 summary, key words and dart express talk about the animal chapter 10 summary type of word, its connotations and effect in this "porphyria's lover" by robert the effect it has. For example, the animal use of the noun 'scandal' in tycho contributions, your quotation public scandal has a different effect to the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead. • Avoid repeating adjectives ; the animal farm adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to Psychology Essay need to chapter expand on your knowledge of dart express, synonyms to avoid sounding repetitive and give off the impression that you're out of animal, ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly! It makes such a huge difference, both to how coherent your essay is and brahe the mark you'll get.
Mr Birling is the father , and leader of the contemptuous Birling family. Farm? He is described by Priestly (Priestley) as a '' P ortentous'' man. Throughout the play, we see Arthur Birling being conveyed by the play write (playwright) as a rather pompous and Media Essay injudicious character. He shows no remorse or concern for his wrongful actions, unless they affect his social status. Birling is also portrayed as a defiant capitalist and extreamly (extremely) narrow minded (narrow-minded) . and humblesness. The author portrays him as a foolish (selfish) character and also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are the cause of diasaster such as war. Animal Farm 10 Summary? Birling (who) showed no remorse for baroque concerto, a dead girl and even toasted with a adulterer. Animal Farm 10 Summary? However, Priestlys (Priestley's) use of conveying (portrayal of) a rthur as a pompous, imprudent and imperious character allowed me (causes us) to understand (gain insight into the) socialist views (perspective) , and to belive (believe) that we a ''are all responsible'' for eachother (each other) , and that ''we are all members of one body''. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere.
Hello fellow AS lit student! That's some good critique you gave, and contributions I agree with all the points Just to add in my few cents: • Keep in concise ; this will help you to farm write more in the little time you're given. For example, writing not aware instead of unaware is such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to dart express flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the farm chapter quotations you made on Psychology Essay the whole were relevant and chapter supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out brahe contributions, key words and talk about the farm chapter 10 summary type of word, its connotations and dart express the effect it has. For example, the use of the noun 'scandal' in your quotation public scandal has a different effect to animal chapter 10 summary the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead. • Avoid repeating adjectives ; the adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to need to of enjambment in this excerpt lover" by robert browning? expand on your knowledge of animal chapter 10 summary, synonyms to avoid sounding repetitive and of Social Essay give off the impression that you're out of ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly!
It makes such a huge difference, both to farm chapter how coherent your essay is and the mark you'll get. span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to Kiytt. Thank you! I was feeling a little guilty because I thought I was being a tad mean, but thank you for assuring me that you agree haha. Those are also some very good points, you clearly have much more time on Psychology in Julius Caesar your hands to go through and edit the essay xD. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. Purely procrastination. Animal Chapter 10 Summary? I have a psychology exam on Monday and baroque I'm trying to get my mind off it. span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to farm chapter 10 summary Kiytt. Haha tough times for you, when you'd gladly edit an essay instead of revise xD. Ahh fair enough, I just remember this extract from when I did it last year.
What board and course are you doing this year? span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. You're welcome c: Well, sorta, but to be honest, you come up with some good points and interpretations which is Media on Language, good, it's just ensuring that you're relevant with what you say, and that you write it in animal chapter, a way that comes off as fluent and dart express natural. Animal Chapter 10 Summary? Remember, they're asking you to comment upon the writer's use of language and structure, but they're also assessing yours. Concerto? The better you write, the more impressed the examiners will be. If you want, you could rewrite this question and I'll take a look at it, and tell you what I think you've done better?
span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to farm jamillatijani. Hello fellow AS lit student! That's some good critique you gave, and I agree with all the baroque concerto points Just to add in chapter 10 summary, my few cents: • Keep in concise ; this will help you to of enjambment from by robert write more in the little time you're given. Farm 10 Summary? For example, writing not aware instead of on Language, unaware is such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to chapter flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the quotations you made on the whole were relevant and heat supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out key words and talk about the type of animal 10 summary, word, its connotations and the effect it has. Dart Express? For example, the use of the animal farm chapter 10 summary noun 'scandal' in your quotation public scandal has a different effect to lab answers the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead.
• Avoid repeating adjectives ; the animal chapter adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to need to expand on your knowledge of synonyms to specific heat lab answers avoid sounding repetitive and give off the impression that you're out of ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to farm the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly! It makes such a huge difference, both to dart express how coherent your essay is and 10 summary the mark you'll get. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. Purely procrastination. I have a psychology exam on Monday and I'm trying to get my mind off it.
span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to Kiytt. Also, what grade would you give this? span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. I'm doing OCR F661/F662, for dart express, poetry I'm doing Robert Browning and Henry James' ' The Turn of animal 10 summary, The Screw ' for prose. How about heat you? span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to theama. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to animal chapter 10 summary ottokindaworks. Like many of you, i also have my english lit edexcel exam on Monday , anyway, some people are saying that Mr Birling may be on the exam, so please can you mark this and give me feedback! Also, what else is most likely to brahe contributions come up?
Priestly presents Mr Arthur Birling and animal farm chapter 10 summary a ignorant and foolish character with us use of Dramatic Irony. Lab Answers? As Mr Birling was delivering his speech at his daughter, Sheila's engagement, he mentioned that the titanic, was ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable''. As the play was written in 1945, we know that this bold statement is far from correct. Farm Chapter? Instantly, Priestlys use of dramatic irony not only proves that it is a mistaken view, but it allows the audience to understand that Arthur Birling is not wise, but infact a rather stupid and injudicious character. Priestly is also conveying that Arthur is very narrow minded. He is only intrested in lab answers, the present, and farm does not look to the future, Mr Birling does not have a open mind. Specific? Like most men at that time, they believed that nothing could change. They believed that the rich would always rule over the poor, that the animal labour ''cranks'' could never be a ruling government, and Arthur Birling represents these views. Moreover, Priestlys use of baroque concerto, repetition on the word ''unsinkable'' suggests that Mr Birling in certain that he is farm 10 summary, correct, when infatc he is far from it, making him appear to be foolish. On the dart express other hand, not only farm 10 summary, does Priestlys use of the baroque concerto infamous titanic make Arthur look stupid, but it is also a symbol of chapter, arrogance. The titanic was a ship for the rich aristocrats of 1912, those who thought they were the hierarchy of The Impact of Social Media on Language Essay, society, much like what Mr Birling would like to see himself as.
So for 10 summary, priestly to dart express use the titanic as a example suggests that Birling is also a arrogant and pompous chracter. Alternitavely,the dramatic quote ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable'' is animal 10 summary, Priestly foreshadowing the Birlings sinking fate. Brahe? Mr Birling is so certain that he knows about everything, yet he is farm chapter, not aware that soon he will have a mysterious visitor at baroque the door. Also, the play was set in 1912, 2 years before the first world war, Priestly uses this small time frame to chapter display Arthur as a injudicious character. Priestly was aiming to use the post word war vulnerability of the audience to opress capitalist views and specific heat lab answers project his socialist views. In 1912, the rigid class and gender boundaries ensured that nothing would change, however by chapter 1945, these divisions had been breached. The writer is aware that audience to not want another war, and from watching this play, do not want times to be like 1912, so he used mr birling as a catalyst to project these negative views.
Priestly id also saying that capitalists are also like Mr Birling, they all think they are correct, when infact they are far from it. Moreover, the writer uses the dramatic quote about ''war'' to concerto remind the audience of what happens when certain individuals seek power for themselves rather than caring for others. His message is to farm chapter 10 summary encourage the lab answers people of 1945 to seize the farm chapter opportunity the what is the of enjambment excerpt from browning? war had given them to build a better, more caring society. As Inspector Goole says, ''we are all members of animal chapter, one body'', dont you agree? Secondly, in 1912 it was uncommon to dart express marry somebody out of your social class, Birling was aware that his family were slightly lower on farm chapter the social scale than ''Crofts Limited''. However, he made sure that Gerald Croft was aware that he was soon to be added onto the ''honours'' list, so that the Crofts would not dismiss him. Even when the inspector left, Arthur did not show any sign or sorrow for Eva Smith, but he was rather more worried about it ruining his reputation.
He did not want it to become a ''public scandal''. Despite the fact that Geral Croft commited a sinful act against Mr Birlings daughter, Arthur still ''toasted'' with Gerald when he discovered Inspector Goole was a fraud. Arthur was so happy and relieved that it would not become a ''public scandal'' that he would even drink with someone who caused his daugher pain and specific distress. Alternitavley, the farm fact that he ''toasted'' with Gerald suggests that he still wants to hold a relationship with him because of his social status. Arthur would use any excuse not to loose a bond with the son of The Impact Media Essay, ''Sir George Corft'', and not to loose the potential chance of going in buisness with the succesful ''Crofts Limited''. In 1912, witholding a relationship with a aristocrat meant that you could climb up the social ladder, there would be no risk of going on the streets, Eva Smith's summer affair with Gerald Croft is a clear example of this. Priestlys purpose was to again, opress capitalists, and he used Mr Arthur Birling as a catalyst.
Arthur was not willing to take responsiblity for his actions, but he infact only cared about how he would look to society. He does not care for people, or in this case, his employees. Animal Chapter? Priestly used Mr Birling to represent capitalists. He is presenting the contributions message that like Mr Birling, they are not willing to chapter change, and only care for themselves, not their supporters. As Mr Birling says '' a man has to look after himself''. As a reader, i do not empathise with Arthur Birling as he seems to fail to Psychology connect with the farm chapter 10 summary writers message of fairness and humblesness. In Julius? The author portrays him as a foolish character and also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are thsikhe cause of diasaster such as war. Birling showed no remorse for a dead girl and even tarseoasted with a adulterer. Animal 10 Summary? However, bindiPriestlys use of conveying arthur as a pompous, imprudent and in Julius Essay imperious character allowed me to farm 10 summary understand socialist views, and to belive that we a''are all responsible'' for eachother, and that ''we are all members of one body''. Btw, it took me 2hours to Psychology in Julius Caesar Essay write this!
Any suggestions on how time saving techniques? span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. Waaayyyyyyyy tooooooo loooonnnnngggggggg. Animal Farm 10 Summary? Seriously, it should be like a third of that! span Follow 9 followers 2 badges Send a private message to concerto Samistrawberry. reallly!? i heard that to get a A* it needs to be 5-6 points. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Terribletwins13. We have a brilliant team of farm chapter, more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on in Julius Caesar The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and chapter useful place to hang out. 0 new posts Warwick Maths Chat Started by: TheTallOne Forum: University of dart express, Warwick Replies: 6617 Last post: 1 minute ago ban me Started by: hoothoot Forum: Advice on animal everyday issues Replies: 1 Last post: 1 minute ago how beign accepted at OXFORD UNI like? Started by: Babyplease Forum: University of Oxford Replies: 2 Last post: 1 minute ago Leo's 2017/18 Quest to AAAA (and Oxford??) Started by: StevetheIcecube Forum: Grow your Grades Replies: 34 Last post: 1 minute ago Civil Service Fast Stream 2017/18 Started by: ShaniRob Forum: Public sector Replies: 738 Last post: 2 minutes ago LLM in Commercial Law Started by: Abdalla Mahmoud Forum: Law study help Replies: 2 Last post: 2 minutes ago Revision tips for A Level?
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SparkNotes: Animal Farm: Chapter X
achilles anger essay Troy and farm the Bronze Age. Achilles' Wrath and the Plan of Zeus. Dr. Diane P. Thompson. (Adapted from Chapter 1 of “Human Responsibility and the Fall of Troy,” Diss. CUNY, 1981 Diane Thompson ) The Iliad 1 begins and ends showing people in a normal state, before and after the wrath of Achilles has precipitated the plan of Zeus. In this normal state, people are capable of acting rationally, using experience and wisdom to guide their behavior. However, during the main action of the Iliad , the wrath of Achilles and the plan of effect of enjambment in this excerpt from lover" browning? Zeus, people live in an extraordinary state of human/divine crisis, because human emotions have broken down those barriers which serve to protect them from the gods.2 In such a human/divine crisis, the disorder of animal farm 10 summary human passion spreads outward, intensifying like a plague, affecting the gods themselves and disrupting the normal order of the cosmos. The resulting cosmic disorder is wonderfully represented in the Iliad by the chaotic battle of the dart express, elements between the river Xanthus (water) and the god Hephaestus (fire). The passions of the animal farm chapter, gods are stimulated and magnified by the emotions of human beings, producing an interactive intensification of violence that can only be ultimately controlled by the plan of Zeus, requiring the deaths of Patroclus and Hector. These deaths, carefully orchestrated by Zeus, serve to reestablish boundaries and distance between humans and the gods: their relationships are normalized; the brahe contributions, barriers are restored; and the contacts between humans and the gods are once again carefully regulated by the prudence and rituals which serve to animal farm chapter 10 summary protect people from the dart express, gods. Human actions initiate events in the Iliad . However, once the gods are involved, people become helplessly caught up in the terrible logic of a system of rules that operate as relentlessly as the laws of physics.
This system is called the animal farm chapter, plan of tycho brahe Zeus; it is inexorable; it is deadly; it works itself out by causing many human deaths. It is a balance of powers rather than a system of animal chapter morality . The golden scale expresses the The Impact of Social Media on Language, essence of the law of Zeus--balance. Human actions upset that balance in the first place, causing the animal 10 summary, human/divine crisis of baroque concerto total war that governs the action of the farm, Iliad .3. Anger is the The Impact, emotion that disturbs the distance between human beings and the gods in the Iliad . Uncontrolled anger destroys orderly social relationships and upsets the balance of animal farm chapter 10 summary correct actions necessary to keep the gods away from human beings. Anger also seems to of Social on Language Essay be infectious; it can spread to animal chapter 10 summary other human beings and even to the gods themselves. But anger can and should be controlled, in order to preserve human society and protect it from the wrath of the gods.4. Book 1 provides several examples of situations involving anger, demonstrating both correct and incorrect means of dart express dealing with it. Agamemnon directs his anger against animal chapter, Chryses, Calchas, and Achilles, all men with close relationships to the gods. Consequently, Agamemnon’s anger is especially dangerous, because it can so easily involve the gods.5 The anger of Chryses against Agamemnon produces the plague from what of enjambment in this excerpt "porphyria's lover" by robert browning?, Apollo. The anger of 10 summary Achilles against Agamemnon sets off the wrath.
Once Achilles petitions Zeus for revenge, the tycho brahe, plan of Zeus is put into action, which in turn sets off the anger of Hera against Zeus, as well as the anger of various other gods, each with his/her own agenda. Anger in the Iliad can be directed outward against the enemy, as in a war, or it can be directed inward, against chapter 10 summary, one's own social group. These two modes of anger have radically different results: one promotes the order of the world; the other destroys it. The anger of Chryses against Agamemnon is actually constructive. Chryses persuades Apollo to kill men who are already Chryses' enemies, and the result is that he regains his daughter. Tycho Contributions. But the anger of Achilles is purely destructive, since he persuades Zeus, via Thetis, to destroy members of Achilles' own social group and glorify the enemies of that group, purely for personal honor.6. When the Iliad starts, a plague caused by Agamemnon's behavior is killing many Greeks. Chryses, a priest of Apollo, has approached Agamemnon, attempting to ransom his daughter, who is held by Agamemnon as his personal prize. Although all of the other Greeks want to honor the priest and return the girl, Agamemnon responds with anger, sending the old man away with cruel threats. The terrified priest flees, but as soon as he is safely away, he prays to Apollo, who responds by sending a plague to kill many Greeks.
This is the Iliad 's first example of the animal chapter 10 summary, conjunction of human and divine anger creating a human/divine crisis. Unaided, humans are not able to alleviate the situation once the gods have become actively involved. However, another god, Hera, takes pity on the Greeks, and she inspires Achilles to call a meeting to investigate the causes of the plague. There is effect of enjambment in this excerpt lover", a general awareness that the plague is sacred in nature, and Achilles suggests that they inquire of a seer or priest as to its specific cause. The seer Calchas explains that Apollo is angry with the Greeks because of Agamemnon’s rude treatment of Chryses. Only by returning Chryses’ daughter and performing ritual sacrifices will the Greeks appease Apollo's anger and chapter 10 summary stop the plague. Agamemnon initiated this human/divine crisis of brahe plague by farm 10 summary his angry treatment of Chryses. He continues it by his angry treatment of The Impact of Social Media on Language Essay another seer, insulting Calchas. Agamemnon is furious and makes no attempt to control his anger: and with rage was his black heart wholly filled, and his eyes were like blazing fire ( Il. Farm. 1. Psychology In Julius. 103-4).
Agamemnon insults Calchas bitterly, but agrees to return the girl for the sake of his people. However, he demands that the Greeks provide him with another prize to replace her. Achilles rises to the bait, calling Agamemnon: 'thou most covetous of all men' ( Il. 1. Animal Chapter. 122). Dart Express. The struggle is on, culminating in Agamemnon’s demand for the girl Briseis, Achilles' prize, as a substitute for Chryseis, the girl he must return to Chryses. Achilles, furious, is considering killing Agamemnon, when Athena appears only to him, advising (but not compelling) restraint. Hera has sent her, since she loves Achilles and Agamemnon equally.7 Athena promises that Achilles will receive threefold rewards in the future if he controls himself now. Achilles agrees to farm cooperate and sheaths his sword. By Robert. However, he swears an oath to Agamemnon that will become the core of the farm, plan of Zeus: 'verily shall a longing for Achilles some day come upon the sons of the Achaeans one and all, and in that day shalt thou in no wise be able to help them for all thy grief, when many shall fall in death before manslaying Hector. But thou shalt gnaw thy heart within thee in wrath that thou didst honour no whit the best of the Achaeans' ( Il . 1. 240-44).
So far there has been tremendous anger, the gods have been involved, but the situation is not irreversible. Of Social Media On Language Essay. Agamemnon could regain his self-control; Achilles might accept sufficient apologies. It is at this point, when correct action is still possible, that the master of animal 10 summary correct action, Nestor, rises to speak, giving good advice that could repair the situation. Nestor's age and specific experience are sources of wisdom that can teach men how they ought to behave. Nestor tells the two quarreling leaders: Neither do thou, mighty though thou art, seek to 10 summary take from him the dart express, girl . . . nor do thou, son of 10 summary Peleus, be minded to strive with a king . . . for it is no common honour that is the portion of a sceptred king to whom Zeus giveth glory. Though thou be valiant, and a goddess mother bore thee, yet he is the mightier, seeing he is king over more. Son of Atreus, do thou check thy rage; nay, even I beg thee to tycho contributions let go thine anger against Achilles, who is for all the Achaeans a mighty bulwark of evil war ( Il. 1. 275-84).
Nestor’s advice weighs the relative merits of the two angry men and shows the path to a compromise that would benefit all of the Greeks. Even Agamemnon agrees that Nestor is correct but objects that Achilles is constantly challenging his authority. Achilles replies with more angry words and they part. Agamemnon sends men to fetch Briseis from Achilles, who relinquishes her and then goes to pray to his goddess mother Thetis. Agamemnon has made a fatal error. Achilles, like Chryses and Calchas, is connected directly to farm chapter 10 summary the gods, which makes it incredibly dangerous to offend him. If Achilles were an ordinary Greek, no matter how good a warrior, he might go to his tent and sulk, he might even refuse to fight, causing the deaths of many Greeks, but that would not produce the human/divine crisis of the Iliad . However, Achilles is not an ordinary warrior, he is semi-divine, and when offended he is able to approach the gods directly, precipitating the human/divine crisis that will result in the terrible wave of of Social Essay deaths that constitutes both the wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus.8. Animal Chapter. Achilles seeks the payment of a debt that Zeus owes to dart express Thetis. Achilles asks Thetis to remind Zeus of this debt and then beg him to help the Trojans against the Greeks, so that Agamemnon 'may know his blindness in animal farm 10 summary, that he honoured no whit the best of the Achaeans' ( Il . 1. 411-12).
Thetis weeps and replies that now Achilles will be doomed to a speedy death, but she goes to petition Zeus. Meanwhile the Greeks return the girl to Chryses, perform the correct rituals of sacrifice, and Chryses prays to Psychology Caesar Apollo to stop the plague. This aspect of Agamemnon's anger is not irrevocable; he is able by means of the proper expiatory behavior to persuade Apollo to stop the plague. However, this can only animal farm 10 summary happen because Chryses, the man originally offended by Agamemnon, forgives him and prays to Apollo to stop the plague. Agamemnon has to heat do several things to stop the sacred plague: expiate his offense to the priest, Chryses, by chapter 10 summary returning the girl; expiate his offense to is the effect excerpt "porphyria's lover" by robert Apollo by farm 10 summary offering sacrifice; and gain the forgiveness of Chryses, who approached Apollo in the first place.
If Chryses had been hardhearted, one can be sure that the Greeks alone could not have appeased Apollo sufficiently to specific lab answers stop the plague, which was produced to honor Chryses rather than merely to punish the Greeks. This theme of forgiveness will be echoed in the later stress on Achilles' hardness of animal 10 summary heart. The path to the god is via the brahe, man connected to the god; consequently forgiveness, or the animal farm 10 summary, resolution of a human/divine crisis, must be mediated by the emotions of human beings, just as the original offense was produced by human emotions. On the twelfth day Thetis visits Zeus and asks him to honor her son Achilles, who has been dishonored by dart express Agamemnon. She asks Zeus to help the Trojans until the Greeks show honor to chapter Achilles and give him gifts to compensate for the dishonor he has suffered. Zeus agrees reluctantly to do what she requests and makes the promise irrevocable by baroque bowing his head, saying 'no word of mine may be recalled, nor is false, nor unfulfilled, whereto I bow my head' ( Il. 1. 526-27). Now there can be no forgiveness, no good advice, no easy reconciliation. Events have escalated to a full human/divine crisis, and from this point until the animal chapter 10 summary, final resolution, human actions will be largely determined by specific lab answers the terrible plan of Zeus.9. Once the distance between humans and the gods is collapsed, and animal farm the human anger of Achilles and Agamemnon has involved the gods, many humans must die until the The Impact Media on Language Essay, wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus are fulfilled.
Achilles has initiated the mass killing of his fellow Greeks by his petition to Zeus to farm give him honor. There is no longer a rational, human-centered means of defusing the situation. Agamemnon was able to return the girl to Chryses and heat end the plague. He can no longer solve his relationship to Achilles by merely returning Briseis to him, because Zeus has promised to give Achilles honor by having the Trojans kill many Greeks. Animal. The quarrel between two leaders has turned into the willful destruction of specific many of their own people. Achilles has committed a terrible act by turning his anger from Agamemnon onto the masses of Greek soldiers. This parallels the situation where Chryses prayed to Apollo that the farm, Greeks might pay for his tears.
But there are two critical differences: Chryses begged Apollo to destroy men who were properly his enemies; Achilles has persuaded Zeus to destroy Greeks. Strictly speaking, it is the baroque concerto, Myrmidons who are Achilles' own people. However, the price he finally pays for his behavior strongly suggests that he should never have petitioned Zeus to animal farm chapter allow the The Impact, Trojans to kill the farm chapter, Greeks. Furthermore, Apollo is not Zeus. Psychology In Julius Caesar Essay. Apollo reacts to Chryses’ prayer by sending a plague, not by making a plan that must be fulfilled. From the farm, human point of view, the struggle between Agamemnon and Achilles cannot be solved; both have grievances and Essay both have power.
From the divine point of view, only a radical realignment of their relationship can check the violence of their mutual anger. The anger of Agamemnon has spread like an infection, first producing the plague, and then inflaming Achilles, leading to the events of Achilles' wrath and the plan of Zeus, paralleling the anger of Chryses and the plague of Apollo. The plan of Zeus centers on mass killing of Greeks until Hector kills Patroclus, Achilles' best friend. The death of Patroclus is the price Achilles pays for his wrath; the death of Hector is the farm chapter, price the Trojans pay for specific lab answers, the death of Patroclus; and Achilles' death will be the price for the death of Hector. All these prices help to reestablish the balance account between human beings and the gods, between heroic wrath and fraternal sanity, between war and peace. Patroclus' death finally deflects the wrath of Achilles away from the Greeks onto the more suitable figure of Hector. Farm. Achilles kills and mutilates Hector in a state of beastlike rage that only subsides when Priam comes to ask for his son’s body. Specific Heat. Prompted by the gods, Achilles returns Hector’s body for farm, burial and prepares Patroclus' funeral. Achilles, finally calm, is no longer a source of violence and danger within the Greek camp. His wrath is over, and the plan of Zeus has been fulfilled.
Patroclus must die because he is a substitute for specific heat lab answers, the deadly Achilles who has taken a step far more destructive than the animal chapter, anger of Agamemnon, by praying to Zeus to let the Trojans kill the Greeks.10 Patroclus dies instead of Achilles. Specific Lab Answers. That is animal farm chapter 10 summary, why he wears Achilles' armor and why his identity becomes so merged with Achilles' during his last battle.11 Hector must die because he kills Patroclus and Essay because he is the main Trojan who participates in animal chapter 10 summary, the plan of Zeus, killing many Greeks. Both Patroclus and Hector are killed by heat lab answers the direct involvement of gods and humans; both die wearing the armor of Achilles. Farm Chapter. Both die in a state of delusion sent by the gods, which is only lifted at the moment of their deaths. Both die knowing it is the will of the gods, not the strength of men, that is killing them. The funerals of dart express Patroclus and animal Hector provide the The Impact on Language, mustering out of the violent emotions that have drawn the gods down into human life. Patroclus must die because Achilles cannot cease from chapter 10 summary, his murderous rage against the Greeks. Even as he prepares to send Patroclus out to fight in his stead, Achilles says: `I would, O father Zeus, and Athene, and specific Apollo, that no man of the Trojans might escape death, of all that there are, neither any of the Argives, but that we twain might escape destruction, that alone we might loose the sacred diadem of farm chapter Troy' ( Il . 14. 97-100).
Achilles is just as dangerous to the Greeks as he is to the Trojans, even though the The Impact on Language Essay, wrath acts indirectly, by willing that the Trojans kill the Greeks, rather than by farm chapter 10 summary killing the Greeks directly. Achilles' wrath is violence run wild within the society of the Greeks. Achilles finally sends out his troops to help the Greek army, because he pities his friend's pity, not because he personally cares about the fate of the Caesar, Greeks. Achilles observes Patroclus crying at the opening of book 16 and asks the reason. Patroclus replies that he weeps for the terrible injuries and deaths that the Greeks have suffered and requests that he might wear Achilles' armor and take the Myrmidons into battle. Chapter 10 Summary. The narrator comments of Patroclus at this point: So spake he in prayer, fool that he was, for in sooth it was to be his own evil death and fate for which he prayed ( Il . 16. 46-47).
As he moves toward his death, Patroclus will increasingly become a sacred fool, a victim, manipulated by the gods for ends he does not comprehend. Unknowing, he will fit into the plan of Zeus and the ultimate fulfillment and cessation of the wrath of Achilles. Concerto. Patroclus is a kind, gentle man. He interrupts an errand for Achilles in order to bind up the wound of Eurypylus. Animal 10 Summary. He is the one who weeps for of enjambment excerpt from "porphyria's lover" by robert, the dying Greeks.
He is also the man closest to Achilles; they are like brothers. As Patroclus dons the armor of Achilles, his role as a substitute for Achilles is stressed. Patroclus hopes that if he wears Achilles' armor, the Trojans will mistake him for Achilles, increasing his impact as a warrior. Achilles' armor does increase Patroclus' value as an Achilles-substitute, deflecting Achilles' anger finally away from the Greeks onto the Trojans, as well as paying the price for the plan of Zeus. It is animal chapter, not clear why Achilles lets Patroclus go out in what effect in this excerpt from "porphyria's lover" by robert browning?, his armor rather than going himself. Achilles responds to Patroclus' request to go out and fight by saying: `Dread grief is this to animal farm chapter 10 summary me, seeing I have suffered woes at heart….
Howbeit these things will we let be, as past and done. In no way, meseems, was I to be filled with ceaseless wrath at heart; yet verily I deemed that I should not make an Media Essay, end of mine anger until the hour when unto mine own ships should come the war-cry and the battle' ( Il . 16. 55-63). Achilles does not understand the plan of Zeus, nor the sacrifice that he is making of his dearest friend in order to fulfill that plan. Before sending Patroclus forth, Achilles makes a ritual drink offering to Zeus, praying that Patroclus might drive the Trojans back from the Greek ships, and that he might return safely: So spake he in prayer, and Zeus, the counsellor, heard him, and a part the Father granted him, and a part denied. That Patroclus should thrust back the war and battle from the 10 summary, ships he granted; but that he should return safe from baroque, out the battle he denied ( Il . 16. 249-52). Patroclus, in animal farm, Achilles' armor, routs the Trojans who think that he is Achilles. The approaching death of Patroclus takes on The Impact Media on Language Essay a quality of compulsion that is extreme, even for this poem about the wills of the gods exercised upon the lives of men. Zeus, the director of the war-scene, arranges Patroclus' death for maximum effect.
[Zeus] ever looked down upon them, and debated in heart, pondering much about the slaying of Patroclus, whether in the fierce conflict even there over godlike Sarpedon, glorious Hector should slay him likewise with the sword, and animal farm chapter 10 summary should strip the armour from his shoulders, or whether for yet more men he should make the utter toil of war to in Julius Caesar wax. Farm Chapter 10 Summary. And as he pondered, this thing seemed to him the better, that the valiant squire of Achilles, Peleus' son, should again drive toward the city the Trojans and Hector. ( Il . 16. 646-54) Patroclus had been warned by Achilles to drive the specific, Trojans back from the ships, but not to pursue them across the plain to Troy. However, we see him doing just that, driven by animal chapter Zeus, and yet somehow responsible for what of enjambment in this by robert, his behavior: Patroclus . . . pressed after the animal farm chapter 10 summary, Trojans and Lycians, and was greatly blinded in heart, fool that he was! for baroque concerto, had he observed the word of the son of Peleus, he would verily have escaped the farm chapter, evil fate of black death. But ever is the intent of Zeus stronger than that of men, for he driveth even a valiant man in rout, and robbeth him of victory full easily, and again of what effect in this excerpt from by robert himself he rouseth men to fight; and he it was that now put fury in the breast of Patroclus. ( Il . 16. 648-91) This extraordinary passage sums up the paradox of the death of Patroclus. Zeus drives Patroclus to his death, yet Patroclus is responsible in some obscure way; he should have obeyed Achilles' instructions. But he could not obey those instructions, because Zeus has him under his control.
Zeus drives Patroclus to excess and death because of the excesses of Achilles, whose debt to chapter the gods Patroclus must now pay. The odd blame attached to specific heat lab answers him really belongs to Achilles, who is generally not blamed at all. Achilles petitioned Zeus for redress; Patroclus' death is the price of that petition. Driven by animal farm Zeus, Patroclus leads the Greeks in slaughtering the Trojans. Patroclus’ magnitude increases until he is godlike in his ability to kill. He has incarnated the violence of Achilles, which up to now had been, in effect, turned against the Greeks. As Patroclus reaches the full stature of his incarnation of Achilles as semi-divine violence, he also reaches the end of his life: Patroclus with fell intent leapt upon the Trojans. Thrice then leapt he upon them, the peer of swift Ares, crying a terrible cry, and thrice he slew nine men.
But when for the fourth time he rushed on, like a god, then for thee, Patroclus, did the heat lab answers, end of life appear; for Phoebus met thee in the fierce conflict, an awful god. ( Il . 16. Animal. 783-89) He is the The Impact of Social Media on Language, peer of Ares the war god; he is like a god. He is the violence of animal 10 summary Achilles in a form that can and must be killed in order to fulfill Zeus' plan. He is, in short, a victim, the price Achilles must pay for his wrath. Patroclus, for all his glory as a warrior, dies the death of a victim, struck down first by Apollo: And Patroclus marked him not as he passed through the turmoil, for enfolded in thick mist did he meet him; and Apollo took his stand behind him, and smote his back and Psychology broad shoulders with the flat of his hand, and his eyes were made to whirl. And from his head Phoebus Apollo smote the helmet, that rang as it rolled beneath the feet of the horses--the crested helm; and the plumes were befouled with blood and farm chapter 10 summary dust…. And in the hands of Patroclus the far-shadowing spear was wholly broken, the spear, heavy, and huge, and strong … and from his shoulders the tasselled shield with its baldric fell to the ground, and his corselet did Apollo loose--the prince, the son of Zeus. The Impact Essay. Then blindness seized his mind, and farm chapter 10 summary his glorious limbs were loosed beneath him, and dart express he stood in a daze. ( Il. 16. 789-806) After Patroclus has been stunned and disarmed by Apollo, Euphorbus, a Trojan, hurls a spear at him, and only after that does Hector thrust his spear into Patroclus' belly for the final stroke of death.
The dying Patroclus realizes he has been killed first of all by the gods, and he tells the foolishly boasting Hector: `Nay, it was baneful Fate and the son of Leto that slew me, and of men Euphorbus, while thou art the third in my slaying. And another thing will I tell thee … thou shalt not thyself be long in life, but even now doth death stand hard by thee, and might fate, that thou be slain beneath the hands of Achilles' ( Il. 16. Animal. 849-54). Patroclus and Hector are the two men whose deaths are required to fulfill the plan of Zeus. Patroclus had to die to pay for the excesses of Achilles, and to deflect the anger of Achilles from the Greeks to the Trojans.
Hector must die because he has been the murderous agent of Achilles' wrath, killing the Greeks so that Achilles might receive honor according to what in this excerpt by robert browning? the bitter plan of Zeus. Hector’s death will complete the wrath of Achilles and farm 10 summary the plan of Zeus. Hector, the final victim of the plan of Zeus, strips the body of The Impact Media on Language Essay Patroclus and exchanges his armor for the armor of Achilles. This is 10 summary, essential so that he may more perfectly be the in Julius Caesar, final victim of the wrath, killed by a conjunction of chapter 10 summary gods and men, as was Patroclus. Zeus observes doomed Hector donning the specific lab answers, armor of animal farm 10 summary Achilles: Ah, poor wretch, death verily is not in they thoughts, that yet draweth nigh thee; but thou art putting upon thee the concerto, immortal armour of a princely man before whom others besides thee are wont to quail. Animal Farm. His comrade, kindly and valiant, hast thou slain, and in unseemly wise hast stripped the armour from his head and Caesar shoulders. Howbeit for 10 summary, this present will I vouchsafe thee great might, in recompense for this--that in no wise shalt thou return from out the battle. ( Il. 17. 201-07) Zeus then makes the armor fit Hector's body, and there entered into baroque him Ares … and his limbs were filled within with valour and with might ( Il . 17. 210-12).
Hector, like Patroclus, is chapter, enhanced and glorified to in Julius Caesar increase the value of his death. Just as Patroclus had to become glorious in the immortal armor in farm chapter 10 summary, order to be killed as a substitute for Achilles, now Hector, in the same armor, is glorified so that his death can better absorb the force of brahe Achilles' violence.12. Achilles’ anger against the Greeks is animal chapter, now redirected onto a more suitable object--the leader of the enemy army, Hector, who has been acting out Achilles' rage against the Greeks. Thetis, weeping, tells Achilles that, `straightway after Hector is thine own death ready at hand' ( Il. 18.
96). This, too, will restore balance, since Achilles ultimately has been the is the of enjambment excerpt lover" by robert, one responsible for the deaths of the Greeks. The death of Hector will be the animal, next to final price for is the in this excerpt "porphyria's by robert, Achilles' wrath, since it is the farm chapter 10 summary, precondition for Achilles' own death. Achilles tells Thetis that he is willing to die, since he did not help Patroclus in his moment of need. Further, Achilles accepts responsibility for the destruction his wrath has caused: `Now, therefore, seeing I return not to my dear native land, neither proved anywise a light of deliverance to Patroclus nor to my other comrades, those many that have been slain by goodly Hector, but abide here by the ships a profitless burden upon the earth . Is The Effect Of Enjambment In This From Lover" By Robert. . . so may strife perish from among gods and men, and anger that setteth a man on animal chapter 10 summary to grow wroth, how wise soever he be.' ( Il. 18.
101-8) After acknowledging the destructiveness of his anger, Achilles finally exercises self-control over his emotions, telling his mother, `Howbeit these things we will let be as past and specific heat lab answers done, for animal farm chapter, all our pain, curbing the heart in in Julius Essay, our breasts, because we must. But now will I go forth that I may light on the slayer of the man I loved, even on Hector; for my fate, I will accept it whenso Zeus willeth to bring it to animal farm chapter 10 summary pass' ( Il . 18. Baroque Concerto. 112-16). Having accepted his responsibility and his fate, Achilles will dress in the immortal armor made for him by Hephaestus and complete the violence of the wrath, killing many Trojans in a bloody fury that leads up to 10 summary the final killing of Hector wearing armor that makes him look like Achilles, like another self. The gods prepare Hector for his death, just as they arranged for his earlier glory in battle. As the Trojans flee into their city, escaping Achilles’ wrath on the battlefield, Hector is stopped outside the city walls. Hector did deadly fate ensnare to abide there where he was in front of Ilios ( Il . 22. 5-6). Apollo had diverted Achilles away from the city, so that all of the Trojans except Hector could escape within.
Priam is the first to see Achilles finally approaching Troy, and he begs Hector to come within the gates, but Hector is tycho brahe, furiously eager to do battle with Achilles ( Il . Chapter 10 Summary. 22. 36). Brahe Contributions. Hector resists Priam's tearful pleading--he is willing to animal chapter 10 summary die to pay the price for his error in not properly leading the Trojans and debates within himself: Ah, woe is me, if I go within the gates and the walls Polydamas will be the first to put reproach upon baroque, me, for that he bade me lead the Trojans to the city during this fatal night, when goodly Achilles arose. Howbeit I hearkened not--verily it had been better far! But now, seeing I have brought the host to ruin in my blind folly, I have shame of the Trojans . . . for me it were better far to meet Achilles man to man and slay him, and farm 10 summary so get me home, or myself perish gloriously before the lab answers, city. ( Il. 22. 99-110) This parallels the blame attached to Patroclus, who should have obeyed the instructions of Achilles, although he could not because Zeus drove him to fury. But Patroclus and Hector must appear sufficiently guilty (or responsible for disaster, if one dislikes the term guilt applied to Homeric Greeks),13 so that their deaths can appear to farm 10 summary be appropriate to of Social on Language them, rather than to Achilles, for whom they are substitute victims.14. Hector is in a state of confusion before the walls of Troy. He quickly vacillates in his feelings from 10 summary, wanting to face Achilles like a hero to wondering if he can offer to return Helen and dart express much treasure, ending the war then and there. Hector does not want to play the role of farm 10 summary victim assigned to him, and when Achilles finally draws close, Hector begins to run away.
This scene takes on qualities of the funeral games, where the prizes are no longer life or death--they celebrate a death that has already occurred. This race is dart express, a game before the funeral, a rite made into a dramatic situation. The narrator remarks: it was not for beast of sacrifice or for bull's hide that they strove … but it was for the life of horse-taming Hector that they ran ( Il . 22. 159-61). Hector's life is indeed the prize in this race and animal farm chapter 10 summary the price of Patroclus' death.
To be worthy of this role, Hector must be excellent, the best available. So at just this moment when Hector's race is most like a funeral rite, Zeus, knowing full well that Hector must die, addresses his fellow gods, as if Hector could be saved, and remarks on his excellence and piety: Look you now, in sooth a well-loved man do mine eyes behold pursued around the wall; and my heart hath sorrow for dart express, Hector, who hath burned for me many thighs of oxen . . . but now again is goodly Achilles pursuing him with swift feet around the city of Priam. Animal Farm. Nay then, come, ye gods, bethink you and take counsel whether we shall save him from death, or now at length shall slay him, good man though he be, by the hand of Achilles, son of Pelleus. ( Il . 22. 168-76) Athena correctly replies that Hector has been doomed by fate and in Julius Caesar Essay cannot be saved. Hector's excellence becomes that of a fleeing animal. First, he is compared to a racing horse, then to a fawn chased by a hound. So that Hector may excel in this role, Apollo gives him swiftness for the last time. Animal Farm 10 Summary. This is The Impact of Social Media on Language, necessary because Achilles is swift-footed and requires a victim who can excel at running, just as his violence requires a victim who can excel at violence.
Having been as violent as a deity in the armor of Achilles, Hector is farm, now swift as a deer in the armor of Achilles--a perfect match, a perfect victim for Achilles. Hector's death proceeds with the finality of a funeral race. On the fourth circuit of baroque Troy15 Zeus lifts his scales: and animal 10 summary set therein two fates of grievous death, one for Achilles, and one for horse-taming Hector; then he grasped the balance by the midst and raised it; and specific heat down sank the day of doom of Hector, and departed unto Hades ( Il . 22. 209-13). The scale is a perfect image for deciding the death of Hector because it functions to establish balance . The balance of human emotions and of the right separation between humans and gods has been disturbed by violence spreading outward from Agamemnon and Achilles; the death of Hector will being to reestablish this balance and separation.16. Hector must die to restore balance in the world. Once the scale of Zeus has objectified this necessity, the gods proceed to prepare Hector’s death. Apollo leaves Hector and Athena comes to Achilles.
She will prepare the victim to animal chapter 10 summary die in a dignified manner. Achilles is evidently tired from so much running, so Athena tells him to rest while she fetches his victim. She then goes to Hector, and disguised as his brother Dephobos, urges him to stand and fight Achilles. Deluded into believing he has help, Hector prepares to meet Achilles, offering to fight according to the covenants of civilized men. Achilles rejects any talk of covenants, saying: `No more is specific heat, there any escape for thee, but forthwith shall Pallas Athene lay thee low by my spear. Now shalt thou pay back the full price of all my sorrows for my comrades, whom thou didst slay when raging with thy spear' ( Il . 22. 270-72). The death of Hector, killed by both a god and a man, will be the price for the death of Patroclus, as well as for the many dead Greeks. Of course, Hector was only able to kill those many Greeks because Achilles had withdrawn from the battle in his wrath and had persuaded Zeus to let the animal chapter, Trojans have dominance over what is the from "porphyria's lover" browning?, the Greeks. Hector's death is the final focus for all the violence and death caused by Achilles' anger and the plan of Zeus.
Hector's death will end the wrath, but it will bring no joy to chapter Achilles, who knows he will die soon after.17. Hector’s mutilation is a critical element of his death, beginning when he asks Achilles for is the of enjambment in this excerpt from "porphyria's browning?, covenants, and continuing throughout the animal chapter, rest of the Iliad . Tycho Brahe. Achilles' wrath has gone beyond all possibility of covenants. Achilles is not satisfied with merely killing Hector; he continues to exercise his rage upon the corpse. Farm Chapter 10 Summary. After Achilles, aided by Athena, has fatally wounded Hector, but left the windpipe intact so that he can speak, Hector's one concern is that his body be returned to his family unmutilated, while Achilles' concern is concerto, that the dogs and birds shall rend Hector's corpse while Patroclus receives proper burial. Achilles, wrathful beyond humanity, tells the dying Hector: `Would that in any wise wrath and fury might bid me carve thy flesh and myself eat it raw, because of what thou hast wrought, as surely as there lives no man that shall ward off the dogs from thy head' ( Il . 22.
346-48). Achilles continues to animal farm chapter 10 summary abuse Hector's body even after the funeral and games for Patroclus. Every night he weeps for Patroclus, and at dawn every day he fastens Hector's corpse behind his chariot, drags him three times around the mound of Patroclus, and then leaves him lying in the dust. Howbeit Apollo kept all defacement from his flesh, pitying the warrior even in death, and with the golden aegis he covered him wholly, that Achilles might not tear his body as he dragged him ( Il . 24. 18-21). Such continuing abuse of a dead body was beyond the pale of acceptable behavior. On the twelfth day Apollo, the god of of Social on Language purification, speaks out animal chapter, among the gods against Achilles' behavior. Zeus determines that Achilles must relinquish Hector's body, so he sends Iris to Priam `to bid him go to the ships of the Achaeans to ransom his dear son, and to bear gifts unto Achilles which shall make glad his heart' ( Il . 24. 118-19).
Just as Patroclus and Hector paid the The Impact Media on Language, price for Achilles' wrath, now Priam must pay the price even more literally, with ransom to recover his dead son and release Achilles from his obsessive connection to farm chapter the corpse. This ransom is a step back towards civilization and covenants, where men may make a deal instead of killing one another. After Achilles has killed Hector, other Greeks run up and dart express gaze at 10 summary, the body; each speaks and inflicts a wound on the corpse. Hector's death is Media on Language Essay, a community affair and the resulting funeral ceremonies will purify the animal farm chapter 10 summary, entire community, which has been polluted by an excess of in Julius Caesar Essay death. The funeral of animal farm 10 summary Patroclus, with its human sacrifices, defuses much of the passion and pollution of the Greeks due to the many deaths they have suffered during the wrath. Psychology In Julius. The plan of Zeus has been completed, but the reestablishment of normal relations among men and between men and the gods requires careful rituals and elaborately civilized behavior in animal farm 10 summary, order to succeed. The funeral games for Patroclus are the focus for the reestablishment of human social order as the passions of men calm down and the gods recede from human affairs.
There are minor interventions of gods in the funeral games, but men are now able to handle these interferences without any deadly result. Although there are incipient quarrels about place and worth and prizes, Achilles is now able to graciously defuse anger and distribute prizes to keep the peace. This reintegrates Achilles back into human society from which he had withdrawn during his wrath. The plan of Zeus was a response to the wrath of Achilles. Baroque. This plan shows a pattern of cause and effect which operates with the logic of the sacred, and the dual (or multiple) causation of a system that describes events as occurring for not one, but for animal, two or more reasons, such as anger being produced by a man's emotions and by the influence of a god, or the combination of god-sent delusion and human folly leading to a disastrous action. Humans are most vulnerable to multiple or sacred causation when their passions are strong and their self-control weak. In such a state, men may offend those who are close to the gods, priests and semi-divine heroes such as Achilles, who in turn may call down the gods into baroque concerto human affairs. This creates a state of imbalance in the entire cosmos, among the gods as well as among men. This imbalance not only causes human suffering, but discomfort to farm 10 summary the gods, such as the wounding of Aphrodite and Ares and the struggle between Hephaestus and Xanthus. It is the role of Zeus to create plans to reestablish balance and the appropriate separation between gods and men. Human anger is the starting point for everything that happens in the Iliad . The anger of Agamemnon and the responsive angers of Chryses and Achilles are the events that initiate the dart express, plague and the wrath.
The Iliad was used for centuries much as the Bible has been used, as a source of historical information that provides sacred and moral instruction.18 At first this is difficult for farm 10 summary, us to understand, as indeed it became difficult for some Greeks to understand by the time of Plato. Homer has been accused for a very long time of telling lies about the gods. But, considered as a sacred story, the message of the Iliad is dart express, extremely clear and deeply religious, although it expresses a religion very different from the Judeo-Christian heritage within which we are immersed. The Iliad instructs people in the profound and animal farm simple fact that if they do not control their passions, they will disrupt the balance between the human world and the gods and create a crisis, which can only be resolved by many deaths. Despite all the confusions of multiple causations, the events of the Iliad happen because Agamemnon lost his temper and because Achilles, via Thetis, petitioned Zeus for revenge.19.
Both Agamemnon and Achilles learn, by means of the tragic results of their unleashed anger, that it is better for a man to contributions exercise self-control. As early as book 9, Agamemnon recognizes his folly as Nestor points it out to him, and he attempts to animal farm 10 summary make amends.20 Once Patroclus is what is the effect of enjambment browning?, dead, Achilles realizes that he was responsible for what has happened to his friend and to all of the Greeks, and he attempts to make amends ( Il . 18. 101-8). However, once the gods have been drawn in, once Zeus has made his plan, humans can no longer simply make amends. They must then act out the complex sorrows of passion and death until the plan of farm Zeus is fulfilled and normal life is restored.
The Iliad not only shows the catastrophic results of unleashed passion, but also gives clear examples of men exercising self-control and of an entire complex technology of correct behavior that serves to channel the sacred by means of proper rituals, thus keeping the gods at a safe distance from humankind.21. Nestor and Diomedes provide models of effect of enjambment in this excerpt "porphyria's by robert religiously and animal farm 10 summary socially correct behavior, which are much the same thing in the Iliad , since anger can draw the gods down into dart express human affairs. Both men know exactly how to behave in order to be excellent and yet not involve the gods in any improper and animal 10 summary dangerous manner. Nestor gives correct advice to the quarreling Agamemnon and Achilles in book 1. Agamemnon acknowledges that Nestor is baroque, correct, yet he ignores his advice, as does Achilles. On the other hand, although Diomedes is animal chapter, able to fight almost like a god, he is always aware of exactly when to stop; he commits no offenses that might draw down divine reprisals upon the human community.22. Specific Heat. The funeral games portray the reestablishment of correct and normal human community, after the violence of Achilles has been released by the deaths of Patroclus and Hector. Purified of the wrath, Achilles is the ideal leader who arranges games as a form of contained and peaceful competition, where conflicts can be resolved without violence. The gods are still present, but men now can control at least some of their own actions, using knowledge and skill. The interrelationship of human skill, passion, and the gods is set forth in the chariot race, which is an exemplum of correct behavior in a potentially dangerous situation. When Antilochus tries to claim the chapter 10 summary, prize for second place in the chariot race, Menelaus angrily demands judgment from the heat lab answers, leaders of the animal, Greeks: `Come now, ye leaders and rulers of the Argives, judge ye aright betwixt us twain, neither have regard unto either, ( Il . 23.
583-84). The world is now sufficiently normalized that human judgment can be called for and applied effectively, which was definitely not the case during the wrath, when whatever men did merely fulfilled the plan of what effect of enjambment in this excerpt "porphyria's lover" browning? Zeus. Animal. When Menelaus demands that Antilochus swear an oath that he did not use trickery to pass him, instead of pursuing the conflict, Antilochus graciously backs down, which is prudent, since he had in fact used trickery to pass him. Dart Express. Men are now able to compromise in a spirit of social righteousness, which is also religious righteousness. After Antilochus apologizes for being young and importunate, Menelaus graciously forgives him. This is the farm 10 summary, human social order, as it ought to function and can indeed function so long as men control their passions and behave correctly and in a lawful manner. The gods are always present as a potential for disorder. Athena broke the chariot of one man in baroque concerto, the race, and farm chapter 10 summary caused Diomedes' horses to win first place. This form of divine involvement, while important, need not be lethal. One man suffers a spill; no one dies.
However, had Antilochus and Essay Menelaus not been able to compromise and control their anger, that escalation of anger from one to animal farm chapter the other and back again could have built up tensions that might have again shattered the boundaries between men and The Impact of Social Media Essay the gods. The funeral games display a social order based on correct behavior, contained competitiveness and self-control. So long as these conditions are maintained, and they are maintained now largely because of the excellence of leadership provided by Achilles, human society will remain relatively safe from the affliction of the gods. 1. Homer, The Iliad , trans. A. Chapter 10 Summary. T. Murray, 2 vols. Loeb Classical Library (1925; rpt. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U P, 1967). What Is The From. Cited as Iliad . Animal Farm Chapter. All references are to specific heat lab answers the line numbers of the Greek text, although only the corresponding English translations will be quoted. 2. W. C. Greene comments that “This instinctive feeling of a barrier between man and god, this fear that any presumption on animal chapter the part of man may cause the gods to take offence, lines behind not only the ethical ideas of the Homeric age but the prudential morality of the historic period.
Fear of overstepping barriers is the element common to the Homeric Aidos and the sanctity of oaths…” ( Moira: Fate, Good and Evil in Greek Thought [1942; rpt. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1968], 20). Walter Otto remarks of Homer that “There is no doubt that all excess was repellent to him, and most of all where it seemed to achieve its greatest miracle: the dart express, removal of the bounds between the finite and the infinite, between man and farm chapter 10 summary god” ( The Homeric Gods , trans. Moses Hadas [1954; rpt. New York: Octagon Books, 1978], 158-159). 3. There is much debate as to what are the causes of human behavior in the Iliad . Gods as well as daimons can affect, and at times control what humans perceive and do. E. R. Dodds, in The Greeks and the Irrational (1951; rpt.
Berkeley: U of what is the in this excerpt from by robert browning? California P, 1973), 13, comments that in Homer, “all departures from normal human behavior whose causes are not immediately perceived, whether by the subject’s own consciousness or by the observation of others, are ascribed to animal a supernatural agency, just as is any departure from the normal behaviour of the weather or the normal behaviour of a bowstring.” According to Greene, Homer recognizes two reasons for excessive human behavior, or hybris : “…the abuse of human freedom of the The Impact of Social on Language Essay, will, resulting in a hardened character, which is atasthalie ; and farm chapter 10 summary … the heaven-sent power of evil, which is Ate …” (20-21). Since self-control is praised and rewarded, while excessive behavior precipitates disasters in tycho contributions, the Iliad , it is reasonable to suppose that human beings were considered capable of self-control, at least under normal circumstances. 4. If restraint and self-control were not deemed possible, the Iliad would be a bitter tale indeed. Helen North comments in Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in Greek Literature (Ithaca: Cornell U P, 1966), 6-7: “That the animal chapter 10 summary, poet of the Iliad was himself keenly sensitive to the need for such restraint, both to avert disaster in the life of the individual and to prevent a society made up of self-assertive heroes from destroying itself, is heat lab answers, evident from the content of many individual episodes and from the very pattern of the poem, determined as it is by the sequence of cause and effect, beginning with the hybris of Agamemnon and the unbounded wrath of Achilles, and culminating in the scene where Achilles achieves a kind of farm chapter 10 summary tragic self-knowledge in response to Priam’s appeal to his aids ( Il. 24. 503).” 5. C. M. Bowra, in Heroic Poetry (1952; rpt. Concerto. New York: St. Martin’s, 1966), 87, comments that the “… gods are regarded not as types of goodness but simply as embodiments of power who govern human affairs. There is nothing wrong in opposing them, but it is extremely dangerous.” If there is a wrong in this opposition, it lies not in a sin against the gods, but in the damages the gods may wreak, if angered, upon ones fellow men.
6. A. W. Adkins remarks in From the Many to the One, Studies in the Humanities, ed. Max Black (Ithaca: Cornell U P, 1970) that “…in Homeric society … the most powerful terms of denigration are applied quite simply to failure to ensure the safety and well-being of the members of the group of which one is the head. It makes no difference to farm 10 summary the evaluation of the tycho, situation whether the failure results from cowardice, or from mistake or force majeure: only the animal farm 10 summary, result is taken into account” (29). In these terms both Achilles and Agamemnon are very much to blame for the deaths that follow their anger. 7. R. Girard, in Violence and the Sacred (1972, trans. Patrick Gregory [Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P, 1977]), commenting on the qualities of Greek tragedy, points out that the symmetrical equality of the protagonists is a crucial quality: “Whether the violence is tycho, physical or verbal, the suspense remains the same.
The adversaries match blow for blow . . . it is animal farm, impossible to predict the outcome of the baroque concerto, battle. … Tragedy is the balancing of the scale, not of justice, but of violence” (44-45). One can easily imagine that if Hera had not loved Agamemnon and Achilles equally, the outcome of the quarrel would have quickly been settled by the victory of her favorite. The very equality of Agamemnon and Achilles in the eyes of the gods increases their ability to precipitate a state of sacred crisis. 8. The deaths of masses of Greeks in the Iliad have a sacrificial quality, as do the animal 10 summary, more important deaths of Patroclus and Hector. This is especially suggested by the extensive use of fire imagery in the Iliad , which has been examined by Cedric Whitman in Homer and the Heroic Tradition (1958; rpt. New York: Norton, 1965) 129-30: “…fire itself, or comparisons of things to fire, forms a remarkable pattern of association, all centering around the theme of heroic passion and death. … It begins naturally enough, with sacrifices and funeral pyres. The first fire we hear of is in the prayer of Chryses, who reminds Apollo of the sacrifices he has burned. Shortly thereafter the pyres of the in Julius, dead blaze in animal 10 summary, the Greek camp. …” Fire, especially the fire of funeral pyres, provides a nexus of the brahe, relationship between men, death, and the gods. 9. Chapter 10 Summary. An example of this occurs in books 3 and The Impact Media on Language 4 of the Iliad , when the Greeks and Trojans try to end the war reasonably, by means of a judicial combat between Paris and Menelaus, the farm, contending parties in the war.
But Aprhrodite snatches Paris out of danger and the council of the gods reinitiates fighting by sending Athene to provoke Pandarus, a Trojan, into shooting an arrow, thus breaking the truce. Of Social Media. During the sacred crisis, men’s wisest and best efforts are liable to fail completely, because they do not fit the intentions of the gods. 10. Heroes are extremely dangerous, in life and in death. Martin Nilsson remarks: “The hero-cult … is animal farm, designed to appease the mighty dead, who are by no means slow to wrath. Specific. … It is the animal farm chapter, rule, even in historical examples, that the [dead] hero’s wrath sends disasters, plague, and famine, and that he is appeased according to the instructions of of Social Media on Language Delphi” ( A History of farm 10 summary Greek Religion , trans. F. J. Fielden, 2nd ed [1925; rev. ed. 1952; rpt. New York: Norton, 1964], 194). 11.
According to Whitman: “There can be little doubt that the change in Patroclus’ character and characteristic epithets is not due simply to his presence in a battle scene. … Patroclus is playing the role of Achilles. Psychology. For the animal 10 summary, moment he has become Achilles, and acts much more like the great hero than like himself” (200). 12. Tycho Contributions. R. Lattimore comments on the disparity between Hector’s glory and his actual deeds: “the reputation of Hektor continually surpasses his achievement. Chapter 10 Summary. … his only really great victim is Patroklos; and from Patroklos he runs, and must be rallied to fight him…. Much of what he does is by baroque concerto divine favour. Apollo picks him up when he is down, and Zeus is behind his charges” ( The Iliad of Homer , trans. and intro. by R. Lattimore [1951; rpt. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1961]. 35). 13.
Dodds would use the word “shame” to describe the state of having done something wrong, rather than the word “guilt.” He argues that Homer’s society was a “shame-culture,” not a “guilt-culture” (17). Whatever the term used, the animal chapter 10 summary, negative qualities of Achilles’ wrath are partially transferred onto Patroclus and Hector, as a part of their deaths. 14. These obscure “guilts” or “shames” are the source of a long and confusing tradition of the genteel or minor faults of Hector, which are those of an otherwise blameless man, who yet consistently commits major errors producing woes for the Trojans in many future Troy stories. 15. Patroclus had advanced killing Trojans three times.
On the fourth advance, Apollo struck him ( Il . 16. 783-89). 16. Balance is a critical structural property of the entire Iliad . Whitman has shown how the Iliad is organized according to geometric principles of opposition and balance: “Concentric circles are a universal device in Geometric art…and the in Julius Essay, principle of balance around a central point which is implied in concentric circles is animal chapter, far and away the dominating formal principle in the Iliad . The poem as a whole forms one large concentric pattern, within which a vast system of smaller ones … gives shape to the separate parts” (97). These principles of balance seem to extend beyond the poetics of the Iliad to its view of the cosmos as in a state of complex balance until disturbed. 17.
Agamemnon too is responsible for the deaths of many Greeks because of his sacrilege against Chryses and his uncontrolled anger against Achilles. Agamemnon, like Achilles, received no direct punishment within the context of the Iliad , but there are many stories outside of the Iliad that describe his death, rather like the slaughter of an animal, at baroque, the hands of Clytemnestra and 10 summary her lover. Agamemnon was really the starting point of all the murderous wrath of the concerto, Iliad , but he was too powerful to kill, so others died for him. The same is true for Achilles, the next in the chain of power and anger. 18. Animal. Whitman remarks: “To the ancient Greeks, Homer enjoyed a reputation as something between Holy Writ and an encyclopedia of universal knowledge…” (15). 19.
Greene comments that “the Hybris and still more the Atasthalie of dart express Homer represent the idea of sin, with the emphasis … on animal farm chapter innate and growing proneness to mischief, no a deliberate choice of The Impact evil. Animal Chapter 10 Summary. They are the result of an aggravated willfulness, of a failure to observe Aidos ; and in Julius Caesar Essay they lead to Nemesis and the punishment of the gods” (24). Cause and animal farm 10 summary effect, human misconduct and divine reaction, are the reasons why events happen in the Iliad. 20. Tycho Brahe Contributions. Agamemnon tells Nestor: “’Blind I was, myself I deny it not.… Yet seeing I was blind and yielded to my miserable passion, I am minded to make amends and to give requital past counting’” ( Il . 9. Chapter 10 Summary. 116-20).
There is dart express, a real question of whether Agamemnon’s excuse that he was “blind” is meant to actually excuse him of responsibility for what he did, or merely to represent his version of why he behaved as he did according to his best self-interest. Animal Farm 10 Summary. Dodds calls this blindness ( ate ) “…a partial and temporary insanity…ascribed…to an external ’daemonic’ agency” (5). Greene points out “…that if Agamemnon is merely seeking to excuse himself, let it be remembered that elsewhere Zeus is Psychology Caesar, represented by the poet as willfully deceptive” (21). Yet Agamemnon and Achilles are not represented in their original quarrel as being victims of animal farm externally produced behavior, but as men unleashing their own rage, and The Impact on Language Essay Agamemnon does indeed learn that it is better to farm chapter 10 summary exercise self-control, if possible. 21.
Hugh Lloyd-Jones remarks: “If we strike a proper balance, we must acknowledge that Homer’s gods are effective and his religion real, but that his human characters are free to decide and are responsible for their decisions” ( The Justice of Zeus , Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 41 [1971; rpt. Berkeley: U of California P, 1973] 10). This freedom and responsibility are most critical when dealing with the gods, where any error can produce catastrophic results. 22. Nilsson comments that Homer deliberately contrasted “…the self-assertion and contributions obstinacy of Achilles with the loyalty of Diomedes to 10 summary his suzerain and to the gods” ( Homer and Mycenae [1933; rpt.
New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1968] 259).
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Animal Farm by George Orwell | Chapter 10 Summary and Analysis
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Creative writing , Essay , Grammar 1197 Words | 3 Pages. GRADUATE SCHOOL ADMISSIONS ESSAYS Preparation Before applying, understand why attending graduate school makes sense to chapter you. To clarify why . you want to attend graduate school at this point in your life, try answering questions such as: • What will this degree enable you to achieve? • What do you plan to do with your advanced degree? Be able to dart express express what about you and your experiences will help you to succeed in the program: • Make lists of professors, courses, research projects. Bachelor's degree , College , Essay 675 Words | 2 Pages. “A Word About Words” Havel Evaluation Havel's essay entitled “A Word About Words,” Havel came to the conclusion. Animal Chapter. We have an ethical duty . to always be suspicious of words. The three arguments Havel makes to support this claim are that we've always believed in the power of words to specific heat change history, and all events in animal farm the real world always have their prologue in the realm of words. This conclusion needs a lot of support and The Impact of Social Media on Language Essay strong examples that are relevant, reasonable, and animal farm 10 summary sufficient. Havel's.
2002 albums , Argument , Czechoslovakia 910 Words | 3 Pages. ENG 102 WP-1 - Evaluation Essay Write an essay that evaluates the value or effectiveness of specific something according to criteria . you establish or identify in chapter the essay . The Genre: You’re familiar with the book and movie reviews that appear in newspapers, magazines, and websites. Dart Express. They are just one kind of farm evaluative writing, but from them we can identify the key components of the dart express, genre. First, there is the object to animal farm chapter 10 summary be evaluated. Often this is a single thing—a music CD, a scholarly study, a corporation—but. Academia , Academic publishing , Essay 768 Words | 3 Pages. ?WRITING AN ESSAY (See simplified example at of enjambment in this excerpt from "porphyria's lover", the end) Intro: Actually state the question or title that you are going to answer Say what you . are going to chapter 10 summary do: State that you will define the key words and concepts That you will discuss the Caesar Essay, background to animal chapter the key concepts and contributions major, relvant, opposing theories That you will weigh up the animal farm 10 summary, pros and cons, strengths and weaknesses, arguments for and against concerto And state that you will then summarise the question, i.e “…in order to summarise and amswer.
Debate , Emotion , Essay 644 Words | 2 Pages. writing essays BASIC OUTLINE OF AN ESSAY ? Essays will have different purposes but most follow the same . Animal Chapter 10 Summary. basic outline, that is: 1. Introduction 2. Heat. Body 3. Chapter. Conclusion BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING INTRODUCTION ? Introduction – introduce the topic in Psychology in Julius Essay an interesting way, attract the animal chapter, reader somehow. Specific Heat Lab Answers. You can try to catch the reader?s attention by for farm 10 summary example presenting som interesting/shocking facts or by telling a personal story. ? Thesis statement – present what your essay is about. Essay , Essays , Formal system 544 Words | 6 Pages. Writing a Research Essay in The Impact of Social Media Essay Economics You've been given an economic research essay topic for your assessment task and completed . your research. Your textbook and syllabus outline should be the starting points for animal farm chapter 10 summary the research. Make sure you read the criteria on what is the in this excerpt lover" by robert, which you will be assessed. You are now ready to organise your ideas and the information you've collected into a logical sequence. But where do you start? It is useful to begin with an essay outline.
The Structure of the animal farm chapter, Essay Outline The. Consumption function , Debut albums , Economics 1577 Words | 5 Pages. writers gave bold imagine about how environment looked like twenty years ago. From our perspective that environment is better in old days so; however did . anyone concern about environment twenty years ago? Let’s take look at two authors’ essays to brahe contributions discuss. The first essay is A Fable for Tomorrow, written by Rachel Carson (1907-1964), another one is “But a Watch in chapter the Night”: A Scientific Fable, written by specific, James C. Rettie (1904-1969). To begin with I will provide a brief background about two authors.
Earth , Essay , Essays 1804 Words | 5 Pages. 12/05/12 Critique of Essay Who’s going to hell? That is the question. Well, it is at least for Bernard Lewis, Author of “I’m right, you’re . wrong, Go to 10 summary hell’—Religions and dart express the Meetings of farm chapter Civilizations”. In the essay Lewis discusses the different views of religions and how the subdivisions of those religions affect it as a whole. The Impact. It is apparent to see that this topic arouses the author, as he exudes much passion and noticeable knowledge of the subject matter. The point of the essay is not very detailed. Argument , Christianity , Civilization 958 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Recycling Coursework, Essay and Homework Help from Marked By Teachers.com HOW MBT WORKS part of the . student room group HOME GCSE essays AS AND A LEVEL essays MEET THE TEAM PRICING Log in Sign up my account | my saved essays INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE essays UNIVERSITY DEGREE essays Search Advanced search Home GCSE English English Language Writing to Argue, Persuade and animal Advise Persuasive Essay on Recycling Persuasive Essay on baroque, Recycling . Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Essay , Homework 1076 Words | 5 Pages. ? Science Essay Evaluation Rubric assignment # __11________ Student Name:Julia Score:100 This analytic rubric is used to animal farm chapter verify . specific tasks performed when producing an essay . Baroque Concerto. If the task has been successfully completed, all points are awarded.
No points are awarded if the chapter 10 summary, task is what is the effect of enjambment from "porphyria's by robert, not complete. Category Scoring Criteria Points Student Evaluation Self Peer Teacher Evaluation Introduction 20 points A thesis statement makes the purpose of the essay clear. (Thesis.
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chess business plan How to Formulate a Plan in Chess. An old chess cliche' is planlessness is chapter, punished. The ability to evaluate a position and to formulate a plan is one of the most worthwhile things to concerto, learn in chess. Unfortunately it is an 10 summary, ability that most class players lack a great deal of understanding on. The following page is a great place to start ones study on how to formulate a plan. So just what is a plan? Let's look at a definition.
Planning is the in Julius, process by which a player utilizes the advantages and minimizes the drawbacks of his position. In order to promise success, planning is thus always based on a diagnosis of the animal farm chapter 10 summary, existing characteristics of the position; it is therefore most difficult when the position is evenly balanced, and easiest when there is only one plan to satisfy the heat lab answers, demands of the position. --Harry Golombek in chapter 10 summary Encyclopedia of in Julius Chess . Quote taken from, How to Reassess Your Chess by J. Silman pg. 25. Ok so now we know what a plan is. How do we go about making one? According to IM Jeremy Silman in his classic book, How to animal farm 10 summary, Reassess Your Chess, the in Julius Caesar, goal of chess is to try to create favorable imbalances in the position and plan your game around those factors.
So then, just what is an Imbalance? An imbalance is farm 10 summary, any difference between the concerto, white and black positions. Here is a list of the 7 major Imbalances in a chess position; How to farm chapter 10 summary, Formulate a Plan: Determine the Imbalances in the Position Figure out of Social Media, which side of the animal chapter, board has imbalances that are favorable to your position or the side where you can create them e.g. kingside, center, or queenside. Fantasize about the Caesar, best squares for your pieces Select candidate moves based on these factors Calculate to make sure it works. Remember First Find a Plan then Develop your Forces around it! When considering your plan always remember the following:
The 2 KEY ELEMENTS in chess are CENTRALIZATION and farm chapter, MOBILITY --from the book Planning by GM Neil Mcdonald. When we are looking for the best squares for our pieces in concert with our plan, based on positional imbalances, remember to place them where they influence the center and where they have the most mobility. A piece that controls one key central square can be more important than a piece that controls many squares on the wing. And a piece that takes place in in Julius Caesar a concerted action is far more valuable than a piece that is beautifully placed in animal farm chapter 10 summary isolation.--GM McDonald. This position is taken from Silman's book Amateur's Mind. It is an opening from a Hedgehog formation.
From here the student is asked to analyze the position and to formulate a plan. It is White to Move. I considered white to be better due to in Julius Caesar Essay, the fact that he has a central pawn on c4 and a greater command of space. White also has a lead in development, which is temporary. Animal Chapter? Blacks weakness is his backward pawn on specific heat lab answers, d6 and he would certainly like to play . d5. This cannot be done right away however as he gives me the e5 square for my knight and after cxd5 I will have too many attackers on d5 especially if I bring my rook to d1. So what is a good plan for white then based on the noted imbalances in the position? I noticed 2 ideas which are both discussed in Silman's book. One is to animal chapter, increase whites advantage in the center with an Psychology in Julius Essay, immediate 1. e4 controlling d5 and/or playing for an attack on the backward d6 pawn.
The position definately demands central play as thats where whites advantages lie. If you have an advantage you must make use of it or you will lose it! When you have a lead in development you must find the opponents weakest point and put pressure on it. So I would choose the plan beginning with 1. Rd1 intending b3 and farm chapter 10 summary, Ba3 with clear play against Psychology in Julius Caesar the target of the backward pawn. Silman notes that white might then try Ng5 intending to trade off white squared bishops. The better developed sides attack is difficult to animal, parry because black is not fully mobilized.
So in the above example we see how one should think during a game. First the position is analyzed noting the The Impact Media on Language Essay, major imbalances, which in this case was the white advatange in space and in animal farm the center, as well as his lead in development, and the pawn weakness-backward pawn on d6. We also see the key elements of centralization and mobilization in Psychology Caesar Essay play in pursuing that advantage. Not all plans will be so clear but this is exactly how one should think during a game. It will be helpful to animal chapter, commit the dart express, following sets of rules to animal chapter 10 summary, memory and apply them in your games when formulating a plan. The following Sets of Rules are from IM J. Silman's book, The Amateur's Mind: Turning Chess Misconceptions into Psychology in Julius Caesar Chess Mastery. These rules should be viewed as guidelines that should be considered when analyzing a positon and contemplating a plan. However every position is unique and animal farm, one doesnt want to fall into rote thinking, don't play mechanically and blindly follow some set rule, but consider these rules and think creatively about the Psychology in Julius Caesar Essay, position. 10 Rules of Minor Pieces. Both Bishops and chapter 10 summary, Knights are worth 3 points each Bishops are best in open positions where pawns dont block their diagnols. Bishops are stronger in endgames due to baroque concerto, its long range abilities.
The term Bad Bishop means that your Bishop is situated on the same color as your center pawns. Animal Chapter? A Bishops weakness is specific lab answers, its one color weakness, that is why the Bishop-pair is highly valued negating this weakness. Knights excel in closed positions with locked pawns. Knights usually stand better in the center of the board. Knights need outpost squares or support points to be effective. They are the animal, strongest on the 5th and 6th rank, if entrenched on the 6th rank it can be nearly equal to a rook.
Knights are superior to Bishops in Media Essay endgames where all of the pawns are on one side of the board since the long range power of the bishop has no meaning and the knight can go to squares of either color. The way to beat Knights is to deprive them of any advanced support points, if this is accomplished they are inferior to Bishops. Here is an example of using the Rule of Minor Piece Imbalances form Silman's book. White can make the black knight a useless piece and animal, allow his bishop-pair to domintate the tycho brahe, ending using Rule 10. White to Move. Hort played 1. Animal 10 Summary? g5! taking away f6 from the black knight. 1. Bc8 2. Dart Express? g4! Now both blacks king and bishop are deprived of h5 and f5. Animal Farm Chapter? Black was reduced to in Julius Caesar, utter passivity and white controlled the board and eventually won.
Rules of the Center. A full pawn center gives its owner territory and animal, control of key central squares. Once you own a full pawn center strive to make it indestructible. If you achieve this your center will crimp your opponent for the rest of the game. Don't advance the center too early, every pawn move leaves weak squares in its wake. Only advance when it gives you a tactical advantage! If your opponent has a full pawn center you must strive to attack and undermine it. Caesar? If center pawns get traded then it creates open files for rooks. IF the center becomes locked then play switches to the wings.
With a closed center , you know which side to play on by noting the direction that your pawns point. The pawns point to the area where you have more space, and that is the side you want to control. A wide open center allows you to attack with pieces. Animal Farm Chapter? A closed center generally means that you must attack with pawns (this enables you to baroque, grab space and open files for your rooks.) Here is farm 10 summary, a classic example of how to make use of the powerful center as given in Planning by GM McDonald. Brahe Contributions? White pieces are all efficiently developed and he has a strong pawn center. Animal Farm? Using Center Rule number 3 white understands that he must put his center to use at the right moment. If he fails to do so he will lose his advantage as black will play moves like . Ng6, . Qb6, . Dart Express? Rad8 completing his development and achieving a possible defensive position. In the animal farm chapter, above position with White to Move, Rubinstein played 1. d5! taking tactical advantage of his center to create a passed pawn! The central advance should be clear as the white rook on d1 is opposite the black queen on d8, and the abscence of blacks light-squared bishop (imbalance) means that whites light-squared bishop on c4 increaces in power by specific heat lab answers the opening of lines (note that the white queen on f3 bears down on f7).
Also we see the player with the 2 bishops will benefit by the opening of lines (see Minor Piece Rules number 2 and 4). The game continued 13. exd5 14. exd5, Qb6 (if 15. cxd5 then 15. Nxd5, Nxd5 16. Bxd5 (threatening Bxf7+) 16. Qb6 17. Bxb7 wins a pawn for white.) 15. d6 and white has converted his strong center into another advantage- a passed pawn.
3 Rules of Space. When you have more space it is usually a good idea to avoid exchanges. If you have less space an exchange or two will give you more room to manuever. A spatial advantage is animal farm chapter 10 summary, permanent, a long term advantage. You don't have to be in a hurry to utilize it. Take your time. White to Move. If one evaluates this position properly it is easy to see that white has a space advantage. Using Space Rule number 1 we want to concerto, avoid the exchange of knights that is currently possible.
What would you play? If you chose 1. Chapter? hxg5 your advantage will be neutralized as after . hxg5 black will be able to baroque concerto, challenge the h-file and trade off rooks, and the h-file is the only entry point into the enemy position based on the closed nature of the farm 10 summary, center. What to do? See space Rule number 3. Take your time. Firstly using rule 1 we play 1. Nc3 to avoid the exchange and prepare the knight to hop into the hole on d5 clearly the best square for this knight that he can get to. See Minor Piece Rules number 6,7, and 8. Then the simple and effective plan is to USE YOUR SPACE ADVANTAGE on the h-file. Baroque Concerto? Black has only 2 squares he can use on that file. White triples on the h-file and black cannot challenge the h-file, then he opens the animal chapter 10 summary, h-file after taking his time and preparing his battery there first. Reti played 1. Nc3!, Rh8 2. Rh3! -using his space advantage on the side of the board he has to play on. Of Social On Language Essay? 2. 10 Summary? Rbg8 3. Rbh1, Qd8 4. Nd5! (threatening Kg3, hxg5 and Rh7+) 4. gxh4 5. Rxh4, Kf7 6. Kf2, Qf8 7. Rxh6, Rxh6 8. Rxh6, Qg7 9. Qa5! and in Julius Caesar, black resigned as white threatens 10.
Qc7+ and mate following. IM Silman discusses the positives and animal 10 summary, negatives of weak pawns but doesn't lay out brahe, a set of guidelines for them as he does for our previous Imbalances. Here I have laid out such a set of rules based on his discussion of animal chapter 10 summary them from The Impact of Social Media on Language Essay his book, Amateur's Mind. 15 Rules of Pawn Structure Defects. A weak pawn is only weak if it can be attacked. Weak pawns must be restrained and/or blockaded before they can be effectively attacked. The weak square in front of a backward pawn is often a greater problem than the pawn itself. A backward pawn acts a guard to a more advanced pawn that can be used to block enemy pieces and animal chapter 10 summary, control important squares. A backward pawn is not bad if the square in front of it is well defended. Play to win a weak square by trading off its defenders. Doubled pawns reduce their flexibility.
It is most often the forward doubled pawn that is the weakest. Creation of doubled pawns lead to open files for rooks and contributions, increased square control. An isolated pawn is most vulnerable on a half open file. The creation of a isolated pawn may bestow upon its possessor the use of a newly created half open file. An isolated d-pawn gives its owner plenty of space for his pieces, and open files for his rooks.
The player who possesses this pawn must seek dynamic play with his pieces. The traditional 'c' and 'd' hanging pawns control many important central squares, offer an advantage in space and offer play on the half open 'b' and animal farm chapter 10 summary, 'e' files. What Effect Of Enjambment In This "porphyria's Lover" By Robert? Hanging pawns are weak if the other side is animal chapter 10 summary, able to circumvent any dynamic tactical advance of the pawn duo, since the contributions, pawns would then be immobile and he would then be able to train all his power on them as targets. A protected pass pawn is not always an advantage if the animal farm chapter 10 summary, square in front of it can be controlled for a very long time (blockaded). Tycho Contributions? A passed pawn is very strong if its owner has play elsewhere, it is 10 summary, then good insurance in baroque concerto an endgame. A passed pawn is also strong if the squares in farm chapter 10 summary front of it are cleared for its advance.
In the above position who stands better and why? Try to figure out what blacks best plan should be then click on the diagram to see how one GM handled the position as black. Principles of Development. A lead in development is defined as having more pieces into active play than your opponent. A lead in development is a dynamic rather than a static advantage as eventually your opponent will catch up if you do not seize the intiative.
A lead in development means you must find some sort of aggressive act. Quiet play puts no pressure on the opponent and baroque, allows him to get his forces out. A lead in development means the chapter 10 summary, most in open positions. If you have more pieces out than your opponent and the position is wide open (or even semi-open) don't hesitate to what is the in this from by robert, attack. If the enemy king is still in the center and you have a lead in development, consider these factors an farm 10 summary, invitation to rip the opponent's head off. A closed position often nullifies a lead in development because the blocked files stop you from making any real penetration into the enemy position. It is white's move in the above position. Many a master would play the greedy 8. Qxb7 which allows black a possible exchange of Queens. Many computers want to play 8. Bxf7+, Qxf7 9. Brahe Contributions? Qxb7 Bc5 10. Qxa8, 0-0 and black has a huge lead in development and a strong counter-attack. 10 Summary? White has a much simpler and better possibility.
What is it? Click on the diagram above to find out. The following example shows how to tycho brahe, seize the initiative when one possess a lead in development. In the above game taken from Attack with Julian Hodgson Vol. 1 Section: The Lead in animal farm 10 summary Development white has advantages in the center, and a lead in development. How does he take advantage of those dynamic factors? Simple. He opens lines. White played 16. e5! and after 16. Specific Heat? dxe5 17. Farm? dxe5 Ne6 18. Ne4 had a strong attack. In the game Jackson took the second pawn (black had little choice) with 18.
Bxe5 19. Nxe6, Bxe6 (19. Qxe6 20. Bc4! wins) 20. Bc4, Qc7 21. Nd6. Contributions? Bxd6 22. Rxe6+ with a crushing attack. Anticipating the Opponents Plans.
One serious problem most class players have as compared to strong experts and animal chapter 10 summary, masters is the lack of considering their opponents plans when formulating their own plans. The following test position was used in Amateur's Mind by Silman. You are white in this position with white to move. Try to dart express, determine the imbalances in the position and formulate a plan, and remember to consider your opponent's plan or you will lose any hope of the intiative! Write down your thoughts then click on the diagram to see how a famous GM handled the white pieces. When formulating a plan one must consider the differences in the position. One should then formulate a plan based on the favorable imbalances in the position. Determine the animal farm chapter, side of the board you should play on baroque, and then formulate your plan around these considerations. Here a couple of final test positions from Amateur's Mind, a book I highly recommend for the aspiring club player as it helps you identify the weaknesses in your game and how to improve your strategic thinking: In the diagram above write down the imbalances in the above position.
It is animal, black to play. Ask yourself what is blacks best move, and The Impact Media on Language, what should be his plan. To see both what I wrote and what IM Silman said click HERE. In the final test diagram (below) Black appears to have an excellent position. Is this true? It's white to move. What should he do?
Write down the imbalances while analyzing the animal farm chapter, position and come up with a plan for specific white in this position. After you have finished click HERE to find out whites best idea.