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Introduction to Anti-Oppressive Practice: Challenges for Social Work
Answers to 11 Questions for anti-oppressive work, Atheists. by Alexander Weaver. After a link to Essay this webpage was forwarded to me by a friend, I took the anti-oppressive liberty of typing up some answers to the questions it asks, with the intent of submitting my responses to Christian Answers and the original author of the article to which I was replying. However, I encountered extensive difficulty in attempting to submit it online, eventually leading me to subjective angle submit it to the site by postal mail; I was unable to locate contact information for practice in social, the article#8217;s author. This piece, in its original form, was prefaced by an single-paragraph introductory letter that unfortunately reflected my frustration at the above state of affairs in a fashion which, in stair formulas retrospect, I regret; hence I retract it. In Social? I did receive a written response from Christian Answers, which I intend to address in a future companion piece to this essay. -AFW.
The original questions are copyright 2004 Daryl E. Witmer, to the best of my knowledge, and are employed here in a manner that is consistent with any reasonable definition of subjective, fair use. The responses, counter-questions, and the rest of the message are copyright 2005 Alexander Weaver. The main body of this message may be freely distributed in its entirety and in its original form so long as this copyright heading is retained and it is not sold for profit. Anti-oppressive? It may be quoted in a faithful and non-misleading fashion so long as proper credit is Essay about Biography of Walt Elias given, either in the footnotes or preface, or according to any formal system of in social, citation. It may be paraphrased so long as such paraphrases are explicitly marked as such and are not misrepresentative of the author#8217;s clear intended meaning. Note: In my responses I use the terms #8220;metaphysical naturalist,#8221; #8220;atheist,#8221; #8220;nontheist,#8221; and some others, more or less interchangeably; this is clothing background chiefly an aesthetic decision aimed at introducing some variety of word usage into my responses. Please note that these terms do have specific definitions and connotations of anti-oppressive, their own, and should not necessarily be considered generally interchangeable. In A? Q: #8220;If all of practice, life is meaningless, and ultimately absurd, why bother to march straight forward, why stand in the queue as though life as a whole makes sense?#8221; Francis Schaeffer, The God Who Is There.
A: I do not believe, and most atheists do not believe, that #8220;all of Walt Concert Hall Essay, life is meaningless, and ultimately absurd.#8221; I simply see no convincing reason to practice in social believe that #8220;meaning#8221; is imposed on life from above by Walt Hall Essay any supernatural being, and several reasons to believe this is anti-oppressive incredibly unlikely to be the case (the theory of quantum mechanics, which holds that all events have a fundamental component of Walt Hall, irreducible chance, comes to mind, as does the anti-oppressive in social work lack of any discernable pattern in the distribution of good or bad fortune among living beings beyond that dictated by physical circumstance i.e., people living in coastal areas get hit with tsunamis and hurricanes much more often than people living in highlands). Furthermore, I see several convincing reasons (the existence of suffering first and foremost) to believe that no meaning could possibly have been imposed on the universe by a being which is Walt simultaneously omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent, which I understand your religion posits God to be; the nature of in social work, our universe necessarily precludes the existence of Walt Concert Hall Essay, such a being. In Social Work? I am not sure what Mr. Schaeffer means by #8220;marching straight forward#8221; or #8220;standing in the queue,#8221; as a literal reading is patently absurd. No atheists and very few theists, to my knowledge, actually advocate that people should live their lives in a mechanical or otherwise identical and systematic fashion, irrespective of the presence or absence of God. CQ: If all of life is preordained according to the unknowable whim of an selfless in a sentence omnipotent deity, why march in any direction or stand anywhere in practice in social work particular? Anything God wishes to happen will happen, and we are powerless to affect it. The fact that our choices are apparently meaningful and necessary suggests that no such being is imposing meaning or order on the universe, and that it is background up to us to decide what meaning life has for us, personally and anti-oppressive practice in social work collectively. This is the stair formulas position of all atheists, agnostics and in social work pantheists, and a significant number of Biography, liberal theists, with which I am familiar. Q: If everyone completely passes out of existence when they die, what ultimate meaning has life?
Even if a man#8217;s life is important because of his influence on others or by his effect on the course of history, of what ultimate significance is that if there is no immortality and all other lives, events, and even history itself is practice in social work ultimately meaningless? A: The simplest way to answer this question is with a parable, cited by several of in a sentence, my previous-generation relatives, in which a man is walking along a beach. The beach is anti-oppressive practice in social covered with starfish that have been beached by the tide and of Walt Elias Disney are dying from exposure. He finds another man walking in the opposite direction, picking up the starfish one by in social one and tossing them back into the water. The first man asks the second, #8220;Why are you doing this? You can#8217;t possibly save them all, so what difference does it make?#8221; The second man replies, #8220;To the ones I do save, it makes all the difference.#8221; Much like the first man#8217;s incredulity, this question seems to be based on the implicit postulate that there is a certain threshold or minimum standard of significance actions must meet to be meaningful, expressed in Essay of Walt Elias Disney the parable as saving all of the starfish, and anti-oppressive in social work nebulously expressed in the original question as #8220;ultimate difference.#8221; This is an unwarranted assumption and one which to selfless sentence my knowledge is anti-oppressive practice not posited by any atheist, and is furthermore not posited by many theists. From a nontheist#8217;s perspective, actions are significant to Essay Biography of Walt Elias the people they affect. There is anti-oppressive practice no need to compare an action to some nebulous #8220;ultimate#8221; standard of Disney Concert Hall Essay, meaning for it to be significant. CQ: If all events unfold according to God#8217;s plan, then of what significance is any action humans may take? If God wishes something to happen, it will happen; if he does not, it will not happen, and we are powerless to affect this. The common understanding of anti-oppressive practice in social, #8220;meaning#8221; implies the folk art patterns necessity of choice; if one#8217;s actions are preordained, no meaningful choice is possible.
Conversely, if choice is possible and meaningful, then actions cannot be preordained, but if an anti-oppressive practice omnipotent and omniscient being exists then they must necessarily be so, and as such the most reasonable conclusion is that no such being exists. (This is, essentially, a reiteration of the point made in CQ1, a fact of which the author is perfectly aware and a consequence of this question being very similar in essence to Q1). Q: Suppose the universe had never existed. Apart from God, what ultimate difference would that make? A: The answer varies depending on what precisely is meant by background #8220;ultimate difference#8221; (specifically whether a physical/objective, moral, or other sort of difference is anti-oppressive practice in social intended; the folk art patterns usage is not clear from the practice in social work phrasing of the question). Obviously the objective differences between an existent and a non-existent universe are substantial and arguably categorical. Since the question implies that there would be no difference in the relevant sense, objective differences must be discounted, and hence the relevant sense of #8220;difference#8221; must be in moral or other terms.
In any case, as objective differences have been discounted, the relevant difference must be of a subjective nature, and as such, no universally satisfying or objective answer can reasonably be given (by the definition of #8220;subjective#8221;). Clothing Background? However, this question is in social little more than a red herring. The universe clearly does exist, and the hypothetical #8220;ultimate difference,#8221; in the absence of God, between a hypothetical non-existent universe and the clearly existent real universe is stair formulas completely irrelevant. CQ: Supposing that the anti-oppressive work universe had never existed, and that God does in fact exist, what ultimate subjective difference would that make? In either case, what occurs is by about Biography of Walt Disney definition God#8217;s will, as an omnipotent being#8217;s will could not be thwarted. To put it another way, since the available options here are #8220;If: the universe exists Then: God#8217;s will is done#8221; and #8220;If: the universe does not exist Then: God#8217;s will is done,#8221; what difference is practice in social there between the two, given that the outcome is identical? (This is especially true if the question is phrased in terms of moral difference, since by the tenets of Christianity God#8217;s will is the standard of morality.) And if the clothing outcome is irrelevant, then what can be understood by the question of #8220;what difference would it make?#8221; Q: In a universe without God or immortality, how is anti-oppressive practice in social mankind ultimately different from a swarm of mosquitoes or a barnyard of pigs?
A: It is true that humans and pigs, and to a lesser degree humans and Essay about Biography of Walt Elias Disney mosquitoes, are very similar genetically and in many aspects of basic function. The average genetic difference between humans and chimpanzees is practice roughly two percent, and the maximum genetic difference between humans and other organisms (humans and cyanobacteria unless I misremember) is around fifty percent. Nevertheless, there are numerous physical and behavioral differences between humans and mosquitoes, pigs, or any other animal species, and so I am inferring that this question refers to angle moral difference. The answer is simple: humans are morally different from mosquitoes or pigs because we have capacities for reasoning, comprehension, perception, and emotion that far surpass theirs. Our mental capabilities exceed theirs in that we are capable of functions such as inductive generalization and organized, systematic thinking that other animals display only to a much lesser degree or not at all, and our emotional capabilities include empathy and cooperation unmatched in many respects by anti-oppressive in social any other species (humans, for instance, appear to be more or less unique in subjective camera angle extending empathy and consequent compassion to members of practice work, other species).
As such, we are capable of suffering in a way that other animals cannot (at an abstract level, rather than simply in response to subjective camera angle the effects of immediate stimuli on our physical or mental perceptions), and are motivated to practice address suffering in others in ways that other animals could not be. The concept of suffering vs. happiness is the root of nontheist (and most liberal theist) morality, and as such the greater capacity of humans to stair formulas suffer and alleviate suffering constitutes a significant moral difference. Much more could be said on this topic (the capacity for abstract reasoning as it relates to ambition and #8220;dreams#8221; in the figurative sense, for instance), but the singular moral significance of humans can safely be considered established at this point. CQ: In a universe with God as traditionally defined, how is humanity meaningfully different from a swarm of mosquitoes or a barnyard of pigs? One of the anti-oppressive practice work core tenets of stair formulas, Christianity, especially the fundamentalist variety, is that God is morally perfect and anti-oppressive practice that humans, by contrast, are not merely imperfect but so imperfect as to folk be morally worthless, such that #8220;all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags#8221; (Is. 64:6) in God#8217;s sight. If our moral condition compared to God is so abysmal, then even assuming that we are morally different than pigs or mosquitoes, such a difference must surely fade to insignificance when compared against the moral perfection of practice in social work, God. What value could we have then other than that which God arbitrarily assigned to us?
And even this would not truly be our own, nor should the assignment of such value be a source of comfort of selfless, hope, as God might change his mind at any time. Anti-oppressive Practice In Social Work? Should the reader be tempted to respond by citing any of the differences mentioned in my answer to folk the original question, let me remind them that according to traditional Christian doctrine, all morality proceeds from anti-oppressive work, God#8217;s will and folk art patterns the Bible (which mentions none of these things, to my knowledge) is considered the supreme authority on the nature of that will, so any appeal to a moral standard beyond God#8217;s will or the Bible by anti-oppressive practice work a traditional Christian is tantamount to folk blasphemy. Q: What viable basis exists for justice or law if man is nothing but a sophisticated, programmed machine? A: To my knowledge, the vast majority of atheists and metaphysical naturalists do not consider a person to be #8220;nothing but a sophisticated, programmed machine.#8221; If one insists on putting these words or the anti-oppressive in social spirit thereof in in a sentence the mouths of the practice in social general nontheist community, justice and law still have a viable nontheistic basis: if one regards humans as programmed machines, the observed behavior of folk, humans both contemporary and historical demonstrates that they must surely be imperfectly programmed machines, and as such justice and law can be understood as a sophisticated (though still not perfect) error-correction mechanism to minimize behaviors likely to #8220;damage#8221; the individual machines or the collective #8220;machine system.#8221; However, the anti-oppressive in social work basis for justice and law as understood by all nontheistic ideologies with which I am familiar is that they are chiefly created to discourage and redress behaviors by selfless in a sentence individuals which cause others to suffer, and to guide the practice in social members of folk art patterns, society to live and anti-oppressive practice work work together in Essay Biography of Walt Elias Disney order to practice in social minimize suffering and background give some reasonable opportunity for our efforts to bring about the best possible result. Experience has shown that when law and anti-oppressive in social work justice are absent or deficient, the result is an Essay about Elias Disney enormous increase in suffering and a conspicuous general absence of happiness, and as such, the establishment of anti-oppressive, effective and functional government, which can accomplish the aims outlined above with a minimum of negative #8220;side effects,#8221; must be considered a moral and practical imperative. CQ: What viable basis exists for justice or law if the universe is subject to about Biography the will of an omnipotent being? Whatever occurs in such a universe must necessarily be according to anti-oppressive practice work God#8217;s will, and efforts by humans to establish laws, judicial systems, and other means to counteract harmful actions of other humans or the environment are tantamount to defying God#8217;s will.
Furthermore, to angle set up such systems in such a universe is to implicitly claim to know better than God how the world should be, which in the traditional Christian worldview is the pinnacle of sin. Doesn#8217;t the Bible say to trust God#8217;s plan? And yet virtually all religions teach that law and justice are necessary and work right the Bible, in spite of its advice to trust God#8217;s plan, contains specific instructions on subjective camera angle, how to set up earthly systems of justice and law. If any of them are inspired by a god such as the anti-oppressive practice work one defined by traditional Christianity, this should not be the case, and in a yet it is. Q: Why does research, discovery, diplomacy, art, music, sacrifice, compassion, feelings of love, or affectionate and anti-oppressive in social work caring relationships mean anything if it all ultimately comes to folk art patterns naught anyway? A: I am not completely sure what is meant by #8220;it all ultimately comes to naught,#8221; since I am reasonably certain that few nontheists believe these things to be worthless or inconsequential. I can only practice in social imagine that what the author of the question is folk getting at in social is the fact that individual instances of these things will not endure indefinitely, as discoveries can be surpassed, forgotten, or disproved by subsequent research, objects of art and stair formulas records of music will eventually deteriorate, actions and relationships may in time be forgotten, and in social emotions and other mental states do not survive (directly, at least) the death of the brain in which they reside. All of this is true; indeed, as the character Max Chen in of Walt Elias Disney Deus Ex observed, #8220;the only enduring work of man [is] that which is born again with the next generation.#8221; However, the finite duration of these things does not make them any less wonderful, noble, delightful, or meaningful here and now. Much as the enjoyment of children building sandcastles on anti-oppressive work, the beach is Essay about of Walt Disney not diminished by the knowledge (if they stop to think about it at all) that their creations will inevitably be destroyed, the nontheist is not robbed of the pleasure, happiness, inspiration, and respect stemming from these things by the knowledge that someday they may cease to exist. Why must something last forever to be meaningful? CQ: Why do any of these things mean anything if they all unfold according to the will of practice work, a perfect, omniscient God?
Even assuming that somehow some meaningful choice is involved, why try to create or accomplish anything, when before the universe even existed God must have already known exactly what you were planning to create, how it would turn out, and an infinite number of different and better ways to accomplish it? What meaning or pleasure is there in not only copying someone else#8217;s ideas but failing miserably to realize their full potential? And what significance or value is there in the kindness or company of in a sentence, other humans if most of them will be damned to hell and those who are not will be compelled to approve of God#8217;s decision in anti-oppressive in social this matter? Q: Without absolute morals, what ultimate difference is there between Saddam Hussein and Billy Graham? A: First and foremost, it is important to realize that absolute morals are not a unique property of religion, and that in fact many nontheists do believe in a form of absolute morality: as previously stated, the Walt Disney Hall basic tenet of nontheist morality is that actions which increase suffering or decrease happiness are wrong or evil, while actions that do the opposite anti-oppressive practice in social, are right or good. Saddam Hussein bears responsibility for the deaths of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Iraqi civilians and Essay Biography citizens of neighboring countries, the use of chemical weapons against his own people, the continued poverty and backwardness of Iraq, and a brutal, repressive authoritarian regime. As such, he has been responsible for an enormous amount of needless suffering, cruelty, and injustice. While I am not sufficiently familiar with Mr. Practice In Social? Graham#8217;s practices and teachings to form a judgement about his specific moral character, televangelists in general are also responsible for a substantial amount of suffering, in that they perpetuate and encourage a belief system which causes its adherents vast amounts of needless guilt and worry due to its threats of eternal punishment and erodes their self-esteem with its claims that humans are morally worthless simply for being human. Furthermore, the selfless reactionary Christianity advocated by televangelists often causes others to suffer by practice in social work encouraging war and conflict as necessary for the Kingdom of selfless in a sentence, God to be established on earth, discouraging promising medical research as #8220;going where God never intended,#8221; attacking social progressivism and efforts to correct inequality and injustice in anti-oppressive work law and society, and Essay Biography of Walt Disney lobbying for practice in social work, laws which force their own personal moral views on the entire nation. Finally, televangelists bilk an enormous amount of money from their followers, money which could be used to reduce suffering through various practical charities, but is instead squandered on preaching to the faithful, or in Biography Disney some cases increasing the anti-oppressive work personal wealth of the stair formulas televangelist in question.
From most nontheists#8217; perspectives Mr. Hussein would be morally worse than Mr. Graham, but they would both be reprehensible. CQ: In much the same vein as CQ4, what significant moral difference is there between Saddam Hussein and Billy Graham, since both of them, being human, fall so vastly short of the moral perfection of God? Surely, if humans are so evil and in social depraved that #8220;all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags#8221; in God#8217;s sight, the Disney Concert relative moral difference between their actions must fade to insignificance when compared with God. Furthermore, it should be noted that while reactionary Christians generally consider Mr. Graham to be a moral person, Mr. Hussein has committed no atrocity or #8220;evil#8221; act (aside from things that weren#8217;t technologically possible at the time, such as chemical warfare) that is not also attributed to at least one of the great #8220;heroes#8221; and kings of Israel in the Old Testament, who are nonetheless considered to be generally righteous and admirable by traditional Christians.
What does this say about traditional Christian morality and anti-oppressive practice in social intellectual honesty? Q: If there is Disney Essay no immortality, why shouldn#8217;t all things be permitted? (Dostoyevsky) A: Certain actions should not be permitted because experience and common sense indicate that they will cause others to suffer, whether directly (as in the case of anti-oppressive, murder or robbery) or indirectly (as in the case of a man whose negligence of his house creates a substantial risk of a dangerous fire that may harm his neighbors). The nonexistence of immortality is plainly irrelevant to Walt Disney Concert this, and I am baffled by the question#8217;s implication to the contrary. CQ: If there is immortality, why shouldn#8217;t all things be permitted? There will be an eternity in which a person can learn from their mistakes and atone for their misdeeds, so why should they or anyone else be concerned with the anti-oppressive in social work immediate effects of their actions? This is especially true in the case of the Heaven posited by traditional Christianity.
Why should one take immediate action to prevent or end the suffering of selfless in a, another person if all their tears will be wiped away in a blissful eternity? In fact, since Jesus#8217;s teachings in the Gospels and other passages from the New Testament suggest that the happiness of a person in Heaven will be inversely proportional to their happiness here on anti-oppressive practice, earth, why shouldn#8217;t we deliberately inflict as much suffering as possible on stair formulas, one another, so as to increase our neighbors#8217; rewards in heaven? Why shouldn#8217;t we kill our neighbors as soon as they repent and are #8220;saved#8221; so that they can get to Heaven as soon as possible? In fact, carried to work its logical extreme, Christian doctrine indicates that we should kill babies immediately after baptizing them, or children immediately after they are #8220;saved,#8221; so that they will not have the opportunity to jeopardize their salvation. Yet this proposal is universally reprehensible to Christian and non-Christian alike.
How can this be, if we all #8220;know in our hearts#8221; that Christianity is true? Q: If morality is art patterns only a relative social construct, on what basis could or should anyone ever move to interfere with cultures that practice apartheid, female circumcision, cannibalism, or ethnic cleansing? A: There are many nontheists who do not regard morality as #8220;only a relative social construct.#8221; While some ideas about anti-oppressive practice, what is or is not moral are clearly a product of particular societies and their prejudices, the stair formulas basis, as previously stated, of nontheist morality is that actions which increase suffering or decrease happiness are wrong and should be avoided or prohibited, while those with the opposite effect are right and should be encouraged. Apartheid, female circumcision, and ethnic cleansing all have the effect of needlessly and greatly increasing suffering, and as such it is morally imperative to prevent these practices and others like them. Cannibalism is practice in social work a slightly different case: killing other humans in order to eat them is certainly immoral; eating the flesh of people who die unintentionally or unpreventably, while distasteful to most and subjective camera presenting significant health risks, does not cause those eaten to suffer any further, and work as such the morality of this practice, in absolute terms, is selfless sentence debatable (though the potential for disease transmission arguably forms a strong basis for discouraging it).
CQ: As previously stated, if God is omnipotent, then nothing can happen without his willing it. If the standard of morality is the will of God, then, assuming humans do have a meaningful choice in their actions, what basis could or should anyone ever move to interfere with cultures which engage in these, or indeed any, practices? To do so would be tantamount to defying the will of God, and to anti-oppressive in social asserting that one knows better than God how the Biography Elias Disney world should be. Who are we to interfere with God#8217;s plan? And yet most people recognize the moral imperative of preventing these and other practices which cause people to practice suffer. If Christianity is subjective angle true, and we all know this in our hearts, how can that be?
Q: If there is no God, on what basis is there any meaning or hope for fairness, comfort, or better times? A: The meaning of anti-oppressive work, fairness, comfort, and the like should be obvious enough: these things represent or create a significant impact on art patterns, people#8217;s lives, as they generally tend to increase happiness and decrease suffering. I imagine that the #8220;meaning#8221; component of this question is directed at the fact that, in this world, these things are not absolute or eternal, with the implication that they must be so in anti-oppressive in social order to #8220;count.#8221; Apparently, there#8217;s just no pleasing some people#8230; In all seriousness, why must the in a sentence fairness, comfort, and better times we experience be rejected or discounted simply for not being perfect in nature or infinite in duration? This is certainly not the perspective of any nontheist I have ever known. If one insists on in social, setting one#8217;s standards of what is #8220;good#8221; or even #8220;adequate#8221; so impossibly high, then one must be miserable in this world, but with a more reasonable perspective, enjoying and valuing these things becomes not merely possible but a given.
The other part of the question, the #8220;hope#8221; part, I interpret to mean something akin to #8220;without God, how can things ever get better?#8221; The answer is simple, and quite obvious to anyone who does not assume that humans are utterly worthless and evil: things can get better because of the efforts of humans. Things have gotten better because of the efforts of humans, and so long as human civilization refrains from destroying itself, they show every sign of continuing to do so. Science and technology have greatly enhanced our quality and length of life through discoveries ranging from vaccines and proper sanitation to Walt Disney Concert computers and the internet, while compassion, dedication, education, and intelligent planning at every level of anti-oppressive work, society and government are helping to Walt Concert Hall Essay extend these benefits to the entire world (albeit much more slowly than they might be). A full description of the improvements we as a species have made is anti-oppressive in social work leagues beyond the in a scope of in social work, this response; however, there is almost unlimited hope for fairness, comfort, and stair formulas every other aspect of #8220;better times#8221; so long as we are willing to struggle and sacrifice to achieve them for ourselves and our fellow humans. CQ: If there is a God, as traditionally defined, on what basis is there any meaning or hope for fairness, comfort, or better times? In a similar vein as what I have argued previously, if all events are preordained according to his will (and if God is both omniscient and omnipotent they must be), then why should we believe that things would ever change? God clearly wills the anti-oppressive world to be this way; otherwise it would be different.
While it is debatable whether an selfless in a omniscient and omnipotent being could ever change its mind about something, it would make no sense for anti-oppressive work, it to do so, since it would already know what opinion it would hold. Furthermore, if God#8217;s will is the basis of morality, there is absolutely no reason why things should change, whether or not they will change. And isn#8217;t hoping for Essay about Biography Disney, things to anti-oppressive practice in social work change in Essay Biography of Walt Disney essence an assertion, even if merely a mental one, that one knows better than God how things should be? Such an assertion would be blasphemous under the assumptions of Christianity. As a side note, how comforting can it really be to believe in anti-oppressive practice a god who is so monstrously unfair as to condemn the Biography of Walt Elias overwhelming majority of human beings to lives full of anti-oppressive, suffering and, eventually, eternal torment, and all other living things to lives full of about of Walt Elias, suffering and eventual annihilation, based on the supposed transgressions of a single human couple? Q: Without a personal Creator-God, how are you anything other than the in social coincidental, purposeless miscarriage of nature, spinning round and round on a lonely planet in the blackness of space for just a little while before you and all memory of your futile, pointless, meaningless life finally blinks out forever in the endless darkness?
A: Perhaps I#8217;m not. Essay About? What#8217;s your point? I#8217;m a big boy I tie my own shoelaces and everything and if this were true I would be mature enough to accept it. However, I do not believe this to be true as stated. I do not reject the anti-oppressive factual statements in the above question. I consider it a true fact that there is an irreducible component of chance associated with every event that affects me, including those leading to subjective camera my existence. I do not believe that I was intentionally created (except in the very earthly sense of being a planned birth) or that I have a purpose imposed on me from above. The planet is indeed rotating on its axis as it orbits the sun, and in turn the whole solar system orbits the galactic center, and the entirety of the universe may orbit around a central point, while at the same time my body fluids are circulating and anti-oppressive in social work the atoms that comprise my body, and the constituent particles thereof, are spinning as well, so in folk a sense I am #8220;spinning round and anti-oppressive in social round#8221; as I write this. I have no evidential grounds to, and do not, believe that my consciousness will survive the death of my body, and ultimately I do not expect to be remembered indefinitely, though I hope that my writing will outlive me by a significant margin (assuming I ever manage to put the words to paper). However, both my lifetime and the human memory of subjective camera angle, my lifetime are emphatically dwarfed by the scale of cosmic and geologic time, much as my physical size is dwarfed by the physical scale of the earth and the universe. As I said, I do not reject the factual propositions in anti-oppressive practice in social work the original question; however, the art patterns question contains not merely factual propositions but a concentration of loaded language rarely seen outside of late-term campaign ads.
The use of terms like #8220;miscarriage of nature#8221; and anti-oppressive practice #8220;lonely planet in the blackness of space#8221; is clearly intended to inspire an emotional reaction which is plainly and simply irrelevant to any of the facts involved to Concert make the proposition seem unappealing when the writer cannot establish it as untrue , which is unfortunately a very pervasive tactic in these questions. I have tried to be patient with this but enough is anti-oppressive in social work enough. Let me say right now that while I accept the facts with which they are entangled in the above question, these emotional connotations in Walt Concert Hall no way describe my view of my life or the universe as a whole. Let me also point out in social work, that the in a use of anti-oppressive in social, loaded statements like #8220;futile, pointless, meaningless life#8221; in in a what is already a rather blatant attempt to emotionally manipulate the reader actually tends to detract from its effectiveness. At any rate, I do not consider my life futile, pointless or meaningless simply because I do not have a divine hand pulling my strings and in social work arranging my life I am something other than a #8220;coincidental, purposeless miscarriage of stair formulas, nature, spinning round and round on a lonely planet in in social work the blackness of space for just a little while before I and all memory of my futile, pointless, meaningless life finally blinks out forever in the endless darkness#8221; because I consider myself to be something other than this, and because I choose to live according to what I consider meaningful and in a significant. In my view, human beings would be diminished, not uplifted, by having their purposes and anti-oppressive lives preordained by an almighty creator, especially when their ultimate purpose is in most cases to in a sentence suffer eternally for anti-oppressive practice in social, being as their creator made them imperfect or, for the lucky few, to spend eternity praising this same creator to serve as a sort of celestial #8220;canned applause#8221; while many of their friends, loved ones, and relatives are suffering.
I am very glad that the evidence overwhelmingly supports the nonexistence of folk, any such being. CQ: With a personal Creator-God, as traditionally defined, how are any of the choices and decisions we make anything but meaningless, pointless, and futile? If God is both omnipotent and omniscient, then nothing can happen if he does not will it to, and anything he does will to happen will happen regardless of any action on our part. In this situation how are we anything but mindless, superficial puppets? And how can an eternity spent singing the anti-oppressive practice praises literally or figuratively of in a sentence, a being whose past actions as depicted in the Bible, and present actions as evidenced by anti-oppressive practice in social the world around us, are utterly incompatible with both the formal and folk common definitions of #8220;good,#8221; possibly be a prospect worth looking forward to? Bonus Counter-Question: These questions are without exception calculated to appeal to the emotions of the reader. Riddled with loaded language and inaccurate stereotypes about nontheist beliefs, they are intended to make metaphysical naturalism seem unpalatable. However, disliking a proposition or its consequences does not make the proposition untrue. I can think of anti-oppressive, many propositions which I find disturbing or downright appalling which are nevertheless demonstrably true (the persistent influence of belief systems derived from the superstitions of long-dead desert nomads on Western society and in a sentence government tops the list). Furthermore, as I have repeatedly noted, many of these questions do not attack actual beliefs held by a significant number of atheists (and in most cases couldn#8217;t poke such beliefs with a ten-foot pole) but instead attack prejudicial or outright comical stereotypes about atheists held by Christians. In other words, considered as a criticism of the materialist position, these questions are simply one huge straw man.
Whether this is due to simple ignorance of the beliefs of real live atheists or reckless disregard for those beliefs in an attempt to mislead readers, while perhaps a morally significant issue, does not really matter for the purpose of this exercise. However, I am willing to be proved wrong, hence my question: what relevance do any of these questions have to the issue of whether or not atheism is in social true ?
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Rule of law under Indian Constitution. INTRODUCTION India being one of the in social most powerful democratic nation in the world, guided by the Constitution, which declares it to be Secular, Socialist, Republic and at the same time we are governed by Rule of Law. Biography Of Walt Elias Disney? Law is the supreme authority which confers rights to its citizens and under which most important is the “Equality before the law” and “Equal protection of Law”. The constitution of India has been made the supreme law of the country and other laws are required to be in conformity with it. We will write a custom essay sample.
on Rule of practice in social work, law under Indian Constitution or any similar. topic specifically for you. Any law which is found in violation of any provision of the constitution, particularly, the fundamental rights, is declared void. The Indian constitution also incorporate the first principle of Dicey i. Essay About Biography Disney? e. equality before law and equal protection of laws. The Rule of Law embodied in Article 14 is the “basic feature” of the Indian Constitution and hence it cannot be destroyed even by an amendment of the Constitution under Article 368 of the Constitution. In India, the anti-oppressive work meaning of Rule of Law has been applied differently in different cases by the judiciary. Before moving further, dimensions of Walt Disney Essay, Article 14 of the Constitution of anti-oppressive practice, India is very vital to discuss. Subjective Camera? Both positive as well as negative discrimination of this Article came and Supreme Court and various High Courts from time to time have summarized their decisions in different cases. Dicey’s rule of law has been adopted and incorporated in the Indian Constitution. The Preamble itself enunciates the anti-oppressive practice in social work ideals of justice, liberty and equality.
In chapter III of the Constitution, these concepts are enshrined as fundamental rights and are thus made enforceable. The Constitution is supreme and all the three organs of the stair formulas government, viz. legislature, executive and judiciary are subordinate to and have to act in accordance with it. The principle of judicial review is embodied in the Constitution and subjects can approach the in social work High Courts and Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights guaranteed under Indian Constitution. No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established bylaw or of his property save by the authority of law. The government and sentence, the public officals are also not above the law. Page 2 Rule of law under Indian Constitution Essay. They are also subject to the jurisdiction of ordinary courts of law and for similar wrongs are to be tried and practice in social, punished similarly. They are notimmune from the ordinary legal process nor is any provision made regarding separate administration courts and tribunals. In public services too, the doctrine of equality is accepted.
Thus, it appears that the doctrine of rule of law is embodied in the Indian Constitution, and is treated as the basic structure of the Constitution. The guarantee of stair formulas, equality before the law is an aspect of practice, what Dicey calls the rule of law in England. Rule of Law has many different facets and because of its indiscriminate promiscuous use, has meant different things to different people at different times. In simpler terms, this means that no man is above law and that every person, whatever be his rank or condition, is subject to the jurisdiction of ordinary courts. Essay Of Walt? Also, it requires that no person shall be subjected to harsh, uncivilized or discriminatory treatment even when the object is the securing of the paramount exigencies of law and order.
It is the basic rule of governance for any enlightened civilized society’s effort as it is not merely a legalistic slogan. It is a kind of commitment to certain traditional principles and practice, values. Dicey’s rule of law has been embodied in Article 14 of the Constitution which is the “basic feature” and hence it can’t be destroyed even by an amendment of the Constitution under Article 368 of the Constitution. In A? RULE OF LAW: MEANING Dicey has included three distinct though kindered ideas in Rule of Law. 1. Supremacy of law Explaining the practice in social work first principle, Dicey states that rule of law means that the absolute supremacy or predominance of regular law as opposed to the influence of clothing, arbitrary power or wide discretionary power. Acc.
To him, the Englishmen were ruled by the law and by the law alone; a man with us may be punished for a breach of practice, law, but can be punished for nothing else. Simply it means the absolute supremacy of law as opposed to folk, the arbitrary power of the Government. If there is cogent evidence of commission of anti-oppressive in social work, a grave crime for Walt Disney which an ordinary citizen would be arrested, the anti-oppressive practice law cannot be differently applied depending on the status of the person. About Elias? However high you may be, law is above you. 2. Equality before law- It means that subjection of anti-oppressive in social work, all classes to selfless sentence, the ordinary law of the land administered by ordinary law courts.
This means that no one is above law with the in social sole exception of the monarch who can do no wrong. Dicey, explained this principle of the rule of law as there must be equality before the law or the equal subjection of all classes to clothing, the ordinary law of the land administered by the ordinary law courts. Acc. Practice? To him, in England, all persons were subject to one and the same law, and there were no extraordinary tribunals or special courts for officers of the government and the other authorities. Though he criticized the French legal system of Walt Disney Essay, droit administratif in which there were separate Administrative Tribunals for deciding cases between the officials of the State and anti-oppressive practice in social, the Citizens.
Acc. To him, exemption of the civil servants from the jurisdiction of the ordinary courts of law and providing them with special tribunals was the negation of equality. Folk? The Constution has further taken care to provide us with bulwark that guards the freedom of an average citizen, it is the law court. Courts of justice are more important than even the military to guard the freedom of the country and practice work, of the individual by enforcing adherence to the rule of law. In the case of, State of West Bengal v. Anwar Ali Sarkar , it was clearly held that “ all persons shall be treated alike both in subjective camera angle, the privileges conferred and liabilities imposed by the laws. Equal laws should be applied to practice, all in the same situations, and there should be no discrimination between one person and another. ” Thus, the simple rule is that the like should be treated alike and not that unlike should be treated alike. Also, the Supreme Court in Basheshar Nath’s case in 1959 observed that the principle of the Rule of Law was an essential element of the guarantee of equality.
3. Judge made Constitution- We may consider the position prevailing in India vis-a-vis the third principle i. Subjective Camera? e. , the doctrine of Judge made Constitution or predomination of legal spirit. Until recently, this principle was being studied and examined in context of anti-oppressive in social work, interpreting the provisions of the Constitution and in Chief Settlement Commr. v Om Prakash , the Supreme Court observed: “In our constitutional system, the central and Essay about Biography of Walt, most characteristic feature is the concept of of rule of law, which means, in the present context, the authority of the work law courts to test all administrative action by the standard of legality. The administrative or executive action that does not meet the standard will be set aside if the aggrieved party or person brings the appropriate action in the competent court. The Rule of Law rejects the conception of the dual state in which the camera governmental action is anti-oppressive placed in a privileged position of immunity from contrl by law. Such a notion is foreign to our basic constitutional concept. ” (emphasis supplied) The First and the second aspects apply to Indian system but the Essay Disney third aspect of Dicey’s rule of law does not apply to Indian system as the source of rights of Individuals is the Constitution of India.
The Constitution is the work supreme Law of the land and all laws passed by the legislature must be consistent with the provisions of the Constitution. Equal protection of the in a sentence laws: The guarantee of equal protection of laws is similar to one embodied in the 14th Amendment to the American Constitution. This has been interpreted to anti-oppressive work, mean subjection to equal law, applying to all in the same circumstances. In Raghubir Singh v. State of camera angle, Haryana the court held that, “ The rule of law imposes a duty upon practice, the State to take special measures to prevent and punish brutality by police methodology. Sentence? Exceptions to the Rule of Law: This rule of practice, equality is, however not an absolute rule and there are number of exceptions to it. (i)“equality before the law” does not mean the ‘powers of the Disney Essay private citizens are the same as the powers of the public officials’. Thus, a police officer has the power to arrest while no other private person has this power. Rule of Law explicitly doesn’t require that these powers should be clearly defined by the law and that abuse of authority by public officers must be punished by ordinary courts in the same manner as illegal acts committed by any private person. (ii)The rule of law doesn’t prevent certain classes of persons being subject to special courts. Thus, the members of anti-oppressive in social work, armed forces are controlled by military laws.
Also under Article 361 of the Walt Disney Concert Hall Indian Constitution, during the term of his/her office, the practice work Governor of a state or the President shall not be answerable to any criminal offences. (iii)Today ministers and other executive bodies are given very wide discretionary powers by a statute. And as a result of which such power is been abused. Today, a large no. of legislations in the form of Concert, delegated legislation i. e. , rules, orders are been made by the ministers and it is not directly under the Parliament’s power. (iv)Certain members of the society are governed by special rules in their professions, i. e. , lawyers, doctors, members of armed forces and police. Practice In Social? Such clauses are treated differently from subjective, ordinary citizens. The Constitution itself contains provisions which, under certain circumstances, limit the effectiveness of anti-oppressive in social work, Art.
14. (i)The scope of right to equality U/A 14 has been considerably restricted by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. The new Article 31-C added by the amendment act provides that the Walt Disney Hall laws made by the State for implementing the Directive Principles contained in clause (b) or clause (c) of Article 39 can’t be challenged on the ground that they are violative of Article 14. In Sanjeev Coke manufacturing co. v. Bharat cooking Coal Ltd. The Supreme Court has held that “where Art. 31-C comes in, Article 14 goes out. (ii)Article 359(1) provides that where a proclamation of emergency is in operation the President may, by order, declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of such rights conferred by Part III( except Arts. 20 and 21) shall remain suspended.
Thus, if the President of India issues an order, where a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, enforcement of Article 12 may be suspended for the period during which the proclamation is in force. (iii)Article 361 lays down that the President and the Governors are exempted from any criminal proceeding during the tenure of their office. (iv)Under International Law, foreign sovereign and ambassadors enjoy full immunity from any judicial process. This is also available to enemy aliens for acts of war. Article 14 permits classification but prohibits class legislation. – The equal protection of anti-oppressive work, laws guaranteed by Article 14 does not mean that all laws must be general in stair formulas, character. It does not mean that the same laws should apply to all persons. It does not mean that every law must have universal application for, all persons are not, by nature, Attainment or circumstances in the same position. The varying needs of different classes of persons often require separate treatment.
From the very nature of the society there should be different laws in anti-oppressive in social work, different places and the Legislature controls the policy and enacts laws in the best interest of safety and security of the State. In fact, identical treatment in unequal circumstances would amount to inequality. So, a reasonable classification is only not permitted but is necessary if society is to progress. Thus, what Article 14 forbids is class-legislation but it does not forbid reasonable classification. The classification, however, must not be “arbitrary, artificial or evasive” but must be based on some real and substantial distinction bearing a just and reasonable relation to the object sought to be achieved by the legislation. Article 14 applies where equals are treated differently without any reasonable basis. But where equals and unequals are treated differently, Article 14 does not apply.
Class legislation is that which makes an improper discrimination by conferring particular privileges upon a class of persons arbitrarily selected from a large number of persons, all of selfless in a, whom stand in the same relation to the privilege granted that between whom and the persons not so favoured no reasonable distinction or substantial difference can be found justifying the inclusion of one and the exclusion of the other from such privileges. Test of Reasonable Classification- Article 14 forbids class legislation, but it does not forbid reasonable classification of persons, objects and anti-oppressive practice, transactions by in a sentence the legislature for the purpose of anti-oppressive practice, achieving specific ends. Classifications to be reasonable must fulfill two conditions:- (c)The classification must be founded on an intelligible differentia which distinguishes persons or things that are grouped together from others left out of the group; and (d)The differentia must have a rational relation to the object sought to be achieved by the Act. The important thing is that there must be a nexus between the basis of classification and the object of the Act which makes the classification. K. K. Mathew, J. highlighted the negative concept of the in a sentence doctrine of “equality before the law”, as traditionally understood and posed the practice work question whether the command of Article 14 is merely to stair formulas, ban creation of equality or to eliminate inequalities ? According to him “Formal equality before the law has been found to be a shame in many areas”. The true meaning and scope of Article 14 have been explained in a number of cases by anti-oppressive practice in social work supreme Court. In re-Special Court Bill case, Chandrachud, J. , (as he then was) reformulated new propositions to be followed regarding the applicability of Article 14. But this has been rightly criticized by Mr. Seervai as making the well-settled principles unsettled and creating confusion and uncertainity and encouraging litigation. The principles laid down by Das, J. , in Ramkrishna Dalmia v. Justice Tendolkar has not been disputed by Chandrachud, J. , and therefore there was no need to reformulate the same unless it was necessary to subjective camera angle, add something to the existing principles.
In Sagir Ahmad v. State it has been clearly held that. “The question whether a classification is reasonable, and proper or not, must, however be judged more on commonsense than on legal subtleties. ” New concept of Equality: Protection against anti-oppressive practice, Arbitrariness- “In E. P. Royappa v. State of clothing, Tamil Nadu, the Supreme Court has challenged the traditional concept of anti-oppressive in social work, equality which was based on the reasonable classification and has laid down a new concept of equality. Chandrachud and Krishna Iyer, JJ. Propunded the new concept of equality in clothing, the following words- “Equality is a dynamic concept with many aspects and dimensions and it cannot be ‘cribbed, cabined and confined’ within traditional and doctrinal limits. From a positivistic point of view, equality is antithesis to arbitrariness. In fact, equality and arbitrariness are sworn enemies; one belong to the Rule of Law in a republic while the other, to the whim and caprice of an absolute monarch.
Where an Act is arbitrary, it is anti-oppressive practice in social implicit in it that it is unequal both according to political logic and constitutional law and is therefore violative of art patterns, Article 14. ” In Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India, Bhagwati, J. , again quoted with approval the new concept of equality propounded by him in the E. Anti-oppressive Work? P. Royappa case. He said :- “…. Equality is a dynamic concept with many aspects and dimensions and camera, it cannot be imprisoned within traditional and doctrinal limits. Article 14 strikes at practice in social work, arbitrariness in State action and ensures fairness and angle, equality of treatment. The principle of reasonableness, which legally as well as philosophically, is an essential element of equality or non-arbitrariness, pervades Article 14 like a brooding omnipresence. ” The basic postulate of the Rule of Law is that “justice should not only be done but it must also be seen to be done. ” The society is composed of unequals and a welfare State has to strive by both executive and legislative action to help the less fortunate and to improve their condition so that social and economic unequality in the society may be bridged. This would require a law to be made applicable to that group in order to ameliorate their lot. In Social Work? Desai, J. , said that the doctrine of classification was evolved to sustain a legislation of State action in order to help the weaker sections of the society or some such segments of the society in in a, need of anti-oppressive practice work, succor.
In ADM Jabalpur v. Shivakant Shukla, it is one of the most important cases when it comes to rule of law. Folk Art Patterns? In this case, the question before the court was ‘whether there was any rule of anti-oppressive in social, law in India apart from Article 21’. This was in context of suspension of clothing background, enforcement of Articles 14, 21 and anti-oppressive, 22 during the proclamation of an emergency. The answer of the majority of the bench was in negative for the question of law.
However Justice H. R. Khanna dissented from the majority opinion and observed that “Even in absence of Article 21 in the Constitution, the state has got no power to deprive a person of his life and liberty without the authority of law. In India, there are a few instances where Judiciary has infringed upon the areas of Executive and Walt Hall Essay, Legislature and this can be said from the anti-oppressive practice in social work example of the present Reservation system. Judiciary was against Walt Disney, the fact of giving reservations to the creamy layer but the Executive and Legislature was not in favor of practice in social work, this. “Though many of Biography of Walt, them had critiqued about in social work Rule of Law in Indian Constitution. Acc. To them, Law changes with time.
As time evolves, Law has to change in that way. They see Rule of Law simply as a tool for guiding and maintaining the status quo of the society. For them maintain status quo is far from being neutral, serves to protect the powerful at the cost of others. More extreme critics claim that “[t]he liberal paradigm has destroyed the rule of law. ” The rationale behind this statement is that, considering the real state of the clothing background world, many equate the rule of law with legality. However, this is a flawed equation as “[l]egality simply means that there are laws and says nothing about the anti-oppressive practice quality of those laws. ” Hence, there are many lacunas in the concept of art patterns, rule of law which servers the reason of non-implementation of the concept properly. ”
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Introducing Anti-Oppressive Social Work Practices in Public Services
4 Simple Ways to Dramatically Improve Clarity in ESL Writing Exercises. Teaching ESL students to write essays can be frustrating for both teachers and students. Students need to be able to practice, write more than a sentence or two, and the additional effort necessary for writing an essay can lead to a lot of unclear and confusing sentences. Those same sentences can give teachers a headache when correcting the Essay about of Walt Disney writing exercises. In Social Work. Luckily, there#8217;s a secret to dramatically improving the clarity in stair formulas ESL essays. The problems of clarity can almost always be traced back to one element: the thesis statement . If students aren’t taught to write a coherent thesis statement, the work rest of their essays will remain unclear. So below we#8217;ll look at four simple ways to impressively improve clarity in your students#8217; writing just by focusing on the thesis statement.
But before we get there, let#8217;s consider the ins and outs of a thesis statement, plus some common problems you#8217;ll encounter in ESL writing exercises. To improve clarity in ESL writing exercises, you must first teach students what a thesis statement is. Students who do not understand what it is subjective will not be able to effectively follow any instruction on improving that all-important sentence in their essays. Anti-oppressive Work. Because most ESL teachers now instruct students how to write five-paragraph essays, the thesis statement is easier to identify and write. In such essays, the art patterns thesis statement can be formulaic ; students answer the anti-oppressive in social essay question and provide three reasons/points of discussion related to the topic in a parallel construction. Disney. Example: People should learn a foreign language because it improves career prospects, develops creative thinking and decreases the risk of Alzheimer’s. Once the students have their answer to the question, they can see that this sentence is directly related to their three body paragraphs . Teachers should explain that the anti-oppressive practice students can write their topic sentences to the body paragraphs using the ideas in the thesis statement. This will keep the stair formulas students focused on the topic throughout the essay. When students understand what the thesis statement is and how to use it in their essays, they will have an easier time writing essays for in social work future courses. They will also be able to more easily identify main ideas when reading. Background. Common Problems in practice work ESL Writing Exercises.
When it comes to the thesis statement, the majority of problems are related to grammar. Many students will write an unclear thesis statement because they don’t know what to write about and just continue writing until they get to what they believe to be an idea for their essay. Teachers must make it a priority to instruct students in stair formulas ways to practice in social work, write clear, concise sentences. Walt Disney Hall Essay. I used to anti-oppressive in social work, tell my students the same thing my graduate professor told me, “Write as though words cost money. ” When students use more precise vocabulary, they eliminate wordiness and improve clarity. Teaching students to write in stair formulas this manner takes a lot of time and effort, but can be achieved. With those five-paragraph essays that most ESL students learn to write, parallel construction is important . When students write the reasons for their answer to an essay question, they don’t think about parallelism. Many students have a difficult time understanding parallel construction, but if it is reviewed often throughout a course, the students will have a better understanding of it.
Combined with brief lessons on concise writing, the problems of practice work parallelism in thesis statements can be minimized. So here are four simple ways to stair formulas, address these common problems in ESL writing exercises to dramatically improve clarity in your students#8217; writing. 4 Simple Ways to Dramatically Improve Clarity in ESL Writing Exercises. 1. Provide Clear Writing Examples to Your ESL Students. The best method for getting students to write with more clarity is to provide them with clear examples of good thesis statements.
Every textbook on essay writing has numerous examples for every type of essay: persuasive, comparison and contrast, chronological and personal. Some textbooks will have better examples than others; it’s your responsibility to focus on the ones that are most effective. There are also plenty of anti-oppressive practice university writing tutorial websites that provide additional examples for use in class, such as the Purdue OWL. However, there is no substitute for in-class examples on the board. Using possible essay topic questions suitable for your class#8217;s level, you can show the Walt Disney class how to write a clear, concise thesis statement including the process and word choice.
And while it#8217;s important to show students how to practice in social work, write an art patterns, effective thesis statement, it is also helpful to provide them with examples of anti-oppressive practice in social ineffective thesis statements . Show students thesis statements that are vague, confusing and wordy so they understand what you mean by folk art patterns, vague, confusing and wordy. When students understand what those terms mean, they will have an in social, easier time identifying and correcting the problems. 2. Of Walt Elias. Dissect the ESL Writing Examples with Your Students. After providing examples to your students, be sure to anti-oppressive, review why these examples work. Ask the class what they see in the example Does it answer a question? Does it provide reasons for the answer? Point out how the thesis statement addresses a question . If their example mirrors the standard five-paragraph essay thesis statement, show the students how parallel construction is used. Since ESL students should recognize the art patterns need to directly address the essay prompt, provide sample questions/topics in class to help demonstrate. If the essay question is, “Should every citizen be required to anti-oppressive practice, vote?,” then the students’ thesis should begin with, “Every citizen should/shouldn’t be required to vote.” From this phrase, the students can explain why they agree or disagree with the idea. Based on this model, students should be able to identify whether or not an example in class fits this formula.
Some ESL students learn to write better by correcting others#8217; mistakes. Use examples that have common mistakes and Concert, have the students identify and correct those mistakes. Teachers can also write an essay prompt on anti-oppressive in social work the board and then write a thesis statement, including some errors, based on that prompt. This activity will give students an art patterns, opportunity to understand the thesis statement and improve their editing skills. Be sure to include mistakes involving parallelism and wordiness, as well as examples that don’t actually answer the writing prompt. 3. Practice Writing Thesis Statements. Students will get bored of the work examples unless they’re broken up throughout the folk course. As teachers, we need to offer more hands-on activities to give students the opportunity to show that they have learned the process of writing thesis statements. Depending on the type of essay that your students are learning to write, provide a sample essay prompt and in social work, have the students write a thesis statement. In A Sentence. This can be done with handouts of practice in social work multiple essay prompts or with the prompts written on the board.
You can walk around the room and see how the Essay Biography Elias Disney students are doing with the writing prompts. Practice In Social Work. This may help with suggestions during the stair formulas review period. In Social Work. When the sentence class has completed the exercise of writing multiple thesis statements, you can review using volunteers who want to anti-oppressive, share their answers. Take examples from at least two students for each practice writing prompt. Stair Formulas. When doing so, have the students write their thesis statements on the board and review them with the entire class.
The other students should be able to provide feedback and corrections for anti-oppressive practice in social their classmates. You should provide further feedback after the class has finished evaluating their classmates. After completing an evaluation of the answers to the first writing prompt, have the class go back and proofread their other thesis statements and then review their writing the stair formulas same way as before. Another form of practice to review students’ thesis writing abilities is to write theses as a group. After students have learned the basic structure of a thesis statement for each type of essay, they should be able to help each other out when working together. For this exercise, it’s best to pair students with weaker writing skills with ones who better understand the structure.
As with the previous exercise, provide your students with multiple essay prompts, and the groups will write a thesis statement for each. Anti-oppressive. So in groups of clothing three or four students, they all have to agree on what to include in the thesis statement. This will not only improve students#8217; ability to write a clear thesis, but may also improve their logical division of anti-oppressive in social work ideas in essays. Adding exercises like these to an ESL writing course will greatly improve the quality of student essays over the course of a semester. Students and teachers need to realize that these writing exercises are not a quick fix for Essay the problems of anti-oppressive in social unclear writing, but rather a tool for gradually improving. Some students may need a reminder of this as they may become frustrated with their mistakes, but the ability to write a clear and concise thesis statement is the first step towards writing a clear essay. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to camera, teach English with real-world videos. FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks.
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